New ANSI Z308.1 2015 Edition – Workplace First Aid Kits

ANSI Z308.1, “American National Standard – Minimum Requirements for Workplace First Aid Kits and Supplies,” has just been revised.  The new 2015 Edition is available from Document Center Inc. now.  The new edition corrects a measurement error in the 2014 Edition which was released at the beginning of this year.  It also has a number of other new updates that I’ll review below.

Are there new classes of first aid kits in this update?  Yes, there are two classes of first aid kits that have been introduced in the ANSI Z308.1 2015 Edition.  These classes are based on based on the assortment and quantity of first aid supplies.  Class A kits are for the most common workplace injuries, like minor cuts, abrasions and sprains.  This means Class B kits contain more variety and quantity of supplies for injuries that might occur in more complex or high-risk environments.

Are there other classifications for workplace first aid kits?  Yes, there are 4 types of kits: Type I is usually mounted on a wall, Type II is portable for indoor use, Type III is for both indoor and outdoor use, is portable but can also be mounted in a fixed position, and Type IV is again for outdoor use but has a more rigorous list of requirements regarding moisture, etc.

What else is covered in the ANSI Z308.1?  The standard not only tells you what type of kit to use for specific situations, but also the supplies that need to be included in each type of kit.  Additionally, it provides you with the specific marking and labeling requirements each must have.

Who wrote this new standard?  ANSI Z308.1 is developed by ISEA’s Industrial First Aid Group using the accepted consensus principles and practices required by ANSI.  This means that the standard is able to be adopted as an American National Standard.  Additionally, OSHA often refers employers to this standard as a best practices solution for the requirements of  Paragraph (b) of 29 CFR 1910.151 if a company does not have an infirmary.

What is the correction in this new edition of the Z308.1?  ISEA says, “The 2015 revision corrects a minor measurement conversion error in the 2014 edition (previously released January 2015), with respect to the U.S. measurement for minimum application for antibiotic and antiseptic supplies.”

Where can I get a copy of the ANSI Z308.1?  You’ll need to get a copy from an authorized distributor of the standard since it is a copyright publication.  Choose Document Center Inc.  You can order online at our webstore,  Or contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  And here’s a link to the order page for ANSI Z308.1 directly.  Remember, we’ve been selling standards since 1982.  Make us your Standards Experts!

Fireworks Standards for your 4th of July!

Have a safe and happy 4th of July!  That’s our message for this weekend and it is made possible by those Standards Professionals who write fireworks standards! Here in the U.S., you’ll find fireworks standards provided by NFPA (the National Fire Protection Association) and AFSL (the American Fireworks Standards Laboratory).  In Europe, this topic is covered by the CEN Technical Committee 212 and ISO Technical Committee 264.

AFSL has issued the following standards:

  • AFSL 101 – Standard for Combination Items
  • AFSL 102 – Standard for Comets, Mines, and Shells
  • AFSL 103 – Standard for Firecrackers
  • AFSL 104 – Standard for Fountains
  • AFSL 105 – Standard for Ground Spinners and Chasers
  • AFSL 106 – Standard for Specialty Items
  • AFSL 107 – Standard for Party, Trick, and Toy Smoke Devices
  • AFSL 108 – Standard for Reloadable Tube Aerial Shells
  • AFSL 109 – Standard for Roman Candles
  • AFSL 110 – Standard for Sky Rockets, Missiles, and Helicopters
  • AFSL 111 – Standard for Hand-Held Sparkling Devices
  • AFSL 112 – Standard for Wheels
  • AFSL 113 – Standard for Girandolas
  • AFSL 114 – Standard for Crackling Strips

You’ll find these standards at the AFSL website.  The publication includes all the standards plus a series of Appendices which cover general topics like the chemical that can and cannot be used, transportation regulations and so on.  I admit — Every kind of fireworks goody I can think of is certainly covered here!

NFPA on the other hand provides the following 3 standards:

  • NFPA 1123, Code for Fireworks Display
  • NFPA 1124, Code for the Manufacture, Transportation, Storage, and Retail Sales of Fireworks and Pyrotechnic Articles
  • NFPA PYR 1129, Standard Method of Fire Test for Covered Fuse on Consumer Fireworks

In Europe, there’s quite a number of standards on this topic.  It’s easiest just to peruse the list using the ICS classification code for fireworks.  Here is the link to our Document Center List of Standards on Explosives, Pyrotechnics and Fireworks.  You’ll find it’s quite lengthy!

So there you have it.  Lots of fireworks standards available — All developed with one thing in mind:  Keeping us safe when we get the thrill of seeing those wonderful fireworks displays like those that will be happening this 4th of July!  Here at Document Center Inc., we hope you and yours have a great holiday and a safe one!

New EN ISO 11137-2 2015 Edition

EN ISO 11137-2, “Sterilization of health care products. Radiation. Establishing the sterilization dose,” has just been updated.  The new 2015 Edition is being released in the various national adoptions from the members of the EU now.   This update leaves the adopted ISO 11137-2 2013 Edition untouched — the changes are all to the Annex material.

What is the EN ISO 11137-2?  It is the European adoption of ISO 11137-2.  Here’s how this is phrased in the endorsement notice: “The text of ISO 11137-2:2013 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 11137-2:2015 without any modification.”  Additionally, the EN ISO 1137-2 is on the harmonized list of standards for the 3 medical device directives: 90/385/eec, 93/42/eec, and 98/79/ec.  So it is an important part of the documentation requirements for many medical device manufacturers who sell products in Europe.

What are the changes in the 2015 Edition of EN ISO 11137-2?  First, the introductory material includes clarification of what documents should be used as referenced standards.  Then, since the document continues to adopt the ISO 11137-2 without any modifications, the balance of the changes are contained in the Annexes (ZA, ZB, and ZC — one for each of the directives it applies to).

If you are already using any of the ISO adoptions on these 3 directives’ harmonized lists, you know about the problems that risk assessment is causing at the present moment.  So it will be no surprise that this update seeks to clarify the situation as regards to the ISO 11137-2 material.  There is the addition of 4 notes at the beginning of each of the 3 Annexes.  Note 1 provides you with a straight-forward statement of the expectation of the reduction of risk.  Note 2 then expands on this with the requirements for a manufacturer’s policy regarding acceptable risk.  Note 3 confirms that the “normative references” (reference documents) in the Annex are the European adoptions as laid out in the forward and noted above.  Note 4 reminds you that any Essential Requirement of your directive is not met if it does not appear in the appropriate directive’s Annex.

The last change to each Annex is actually an update for the table that is contained in each.  The third column for each table has been expanded.  This means, in part, that only sterilization using ionized radiation is covered by the publication.  And it is now emphasized that other aspects of manufacture not relating to sterilization are not covered by this document.  The previous other notes continue to be in force.

When will it be mandatory to meet this new edition?  First, when the update is formally accepted and added to the harmonized lists, there will be the cessation date for the 2013 Edition included on the list itself.  And even though this has not yet taken place, it is expected to be processed without issue.  Secondly, the member nations of Europe have until December 2015 to adopt this document and withdraw any conflicting or duplicating standards.  So we’d make that our preliminary migration date until the new harmonized list comes out.

How do I comply with these changes to the Annexes?  Remember, standards give you the presumption of conformity to specific Essential Requirements (ER’s) of specific directives.  But there may be other ER’s that the directives do not meet.  This means that you’ll have to address these types of issues in your technical file.  The new material in the Annexes seems to indicate that your company policy with regards to risk management will be at scrutiny.  And you may also need to prove compliance in this regards for the covered device as well.

How can I get a copy of the new EN ISO 11137-2 2015 Edition?  All national adoptions are covered by copyright, so you’ll want to purchase your copy from an authorized distributor like Document Center Inc.  Order on our webstore,  Or contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (

What national adoption should I purchase?  Right now, the BS EN ISO 11137-2 2015 Edition is available in paper format only.  The SS EN ISO 11137-2 (in English) is expected to be released any day now and will be available in paper format, for pdf download and as part of our Standards Online multi-user subscription service.  The English language edition of the DIN EN ISO 11137-2 should also be available soon and can be purchased in paper format or for pdf download as well.  At that point, the only other difference between the 3 editions will be the price.

It is mandated that you use the EN editions of ISO adoptions when you’re meeting the requirements for directives with harmonized lists.  But if you’re like our Document Center customers, this still leaves you with many questions.  We’re here to help you navigate these waters, so make us your Standards Experts!

New ISO 17842 Series – Amusement Ride Safety

There’s a new ISO 17842 series out now, covering the full range of requirements for developing, manufacturing, inspecting and operating amusement rides safely.  It’s a 3-part series designed to cover rides like swings, boats, Ferris wheels, roller coasters, chutes, grandstands, stages, sides shows and the like.  With summer here, many of us will be taking our kids to theme parks and the like.  Just the time when we want to know that the rides they love so much are safe!

Let’s review each of the new documents one at a time:

ISO 17842-1, 1st Edition, “Safety of amusement rides and amusement devices – Part 1: Design and manufacture”

This new standard refers to amusement rides, etc., as amusement devices.  So you can also think of it for rides that carry passengers.  The Part 1 is lengthy (165 pages in all).  After the usual scope, referenced documents, and definitions sections, it moves right into the requirements for design analysis and examination.  This covers design documents including design risk assessment, selecting materials, design loads, structural analysis, stability, anchorages, strength and construction.  Section 5 is an in-dept review of the requirements for both the design and the manufacture of these types of rides and structures.  Then 9 Annexes provide you with information on fatigue analysis, electrical equipment and control systems, passenger containment, device logs, hazard lists, guest behaviors, accessibility, and what’s called the safety envelope for passengers.  A 23-item bibliography completes the standard.

FYI: A couple of things to note.  The document is intended to be applicable for rides manufactured after the date of publication.  And existing national rules on such things as worker safety are not addressed in the document.

ISO 17842-2, 1st Edition, “Safety of amusement rides and amusement devices – Part 2: Operation and use”

This part of the ISO 17842 is concerned with such things as the installation, assembly and dis-assembly, operation, dismantling, maintaining, repairing, modifying and inspecting amusement rides and other similar devices.  It’s intended to be used by controllers, operators, attendants and inspection bodies or by those who train them.   Here’s you’ll review the basics like the need to provide staff with manuals, device logs, and other operational documentation.   There’s a complete run-down of what you’ll need to do to select and train staff who will be working with these types of equipment.

Also covered in Part 2 are the basic requirements for those who are installing the various rides covered by this standard.  This includes where to place the ride, how to assemble the ride on site, and the safety requirements needed during this phase of the operation.  Further, there is coverage of what’s necessary in order to maintain the equipment once it’s been installed including trial operations and other checks.

You’ll also be getting information on working with the public and other operational aspects beyond the issues surrounding the actual equipment itself.  And the duties of the actual operator and attendants are also reviewed.  Special case situations are also included, like annual maintenance reviews and fire safety and training.  Annex A is a table with information on the training, qualification and experience expected of staff who handle various roles.  An 8-item bibliography completes the standard.

ISO 17842-3, 1st Edition, “Safety of amusement rides and amusement devices – Part 3: Requirements for inspection during design, manufacture, operation and use”

This is the shortest of the three parts (12 pages).  It is a requirements standard, with specific procedures and tests for both the initial approval stage and for in-service inspection.  It defines the specific aspects of both installation and operation that need to be confirmed.  This includes the expected schedule and reporting.

When I think of the benefits of standardization, health and safety are always at the top of my list.  In many ways, safety for leisure activities is right up there.  We want to be assured that when we are having fun, we are safe and secure and will be protected from tragedy.  So I’m always appreciative when standards committees develop documents like the ISO 17842 series.

If this is your field, you’ll need copies of these ISO standards.  Since they’re copyright documents, you’ll want to be sure to use an authorized distributor like Document Center Inc.  Head to our webstore at and order your copies in paper format or for pdf download.  Here’s direct links to order pages for ISO 17842-1, for ISO 17842-2, and for ISO 17842-3.

And if you like you can get multi-user access with our Standards Online subscription service. Contact our staff for more information — you can reach them by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  Remember, when you see sites selling ISO standards for cheap, they are actually selling pirated copies of these publications.  Don’t be fooled.  Use Document Center Inc. – Your Standards Experts!

New Edition for EN 55024

EN 55024, “Information technology equipment – Immunity characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement,” has just been updated.  The new 2010 Edition with Amendment A1 is now available from Document Center Inc.  This is the European adoption of the CISPR 24 (same title, currently Edition 2.1 — the 2nd Edition with Amendment 1 interfiled).  It is a harmonized standard for both the 1999/5/EC (Radio and telecommunications terminal equipment) and  and the 2004/108/EC (Electromagnetic compatibility).

At the present time, the EN 55024 2010 Edition with Amendment A1 has not finished the process to add the new edition to either of the Harmonized Lists for these two directives.  So you’ll have some time to review the new update and determine if it will impact your products.

What is the EN 55024 about?  The standard is used for information technology equipment.  It covers continuous and transient, conducted and radiated disturbances, including electrostatic discharges (ESD).  This includes disturbances within the frequency range from 0 Hz to 400GHz.  Requirements and immunity tests are given so that the equipment will perform correctly in a given environment.

What changes does the Amendment 1 make?  The changes in the Amendment 1 for EN 55024 are the same as the changes in Amendment 1 for CISPR 24 Edition 2.0.  These changes were made to:

  • Clauses 4.2.1 and,
  • Tables 3 and A.1,
  • Annex A — Sections A.2.1, A.2.6,
  • Annex A — Figures A.6 and A.7,
  • Annex H — Section H.2, and
  • Annex H — Table H.2.

Why isn’t this new edition of EN 55024 on the Harmonized Lists yet?  Protocol for the official adoption of harmonized EN standards by the European Union itself requires an administrative review and then publication in the Official Journal prior to inclusion on the Harmonized Lists.  CENELEC expects the amended 2010 Edition to make it through this process by late August of this year.

What Edition of the EN 55024 should I be using right now?  Since the amended edition is not officially adopted, both the 2010 Edition and the 2010 Edition with Amendment 1 are current.  However, it is only a matter of time before the new update makes it through the process.  When it is added to the Harmonized lists, you’ll see the migration date in the second from the right column.  This “cessation of presumption of conformity of the superseded document” is the date you’ll need to stop selling any product that does not meet this new Edition’s requirements.

How do I get a copy of the EN 55024?  It’s a copyright document and is only distributed as nation-specific editions like BS EN 55024 and SS EN 55024.  For now, only the BS EN 55024 has been published.  We expect the Amendment 1 to be available separately as part of the SS EN 55024 edition shortly.

Document Center Inc. provides the BS EN 55024 in paper format only.  You can order online at our webstore  Or use this link to go directly to the order page for BS EN 55024.  The SS EN 55024 is available in paper format, for pdf download and as part of our Standards Online multiuser subscription service.  Here is the link to order this SS EN 55024 directly.  The DIN EN 55024 Edition is available in German only, but also in paper format or for pdf download  Here is the link for DIN EN 55024.

The EN Standards included in our store are all licensed copies.  As an authorized distributor of the BS, SS and DIN Editions, we offer you the security of knowing that your copies are complete and correct.  Document Center Inc. has been selling standards since 1982 and we’re a woman-owned business too!  Make us your Standards Experts.

ISO 15519-2 – Process Industry Diagrams

ISO 15519-2, “Specifications for diagrams for process industry – Part 2: Measurement and control,” has just been released.  This new standard complements ISO 15519-1 on general rules for these diagrams.  It covers how to prepare different types of diagrams including the use of graphical symbols, letter codes and reference designations.

What kinds of industries should use ISO 15519-2?  This standard has been written for all types of process industry fields.  Some examples of this would be the chemical, petrochemical, power, pharmaceutical, food, pulp and paper industries.

What kinds of diagrams are included in this ISO standard?  You’ll find information on the representation of measurement, actuation and control for process diagrams that include process flow diagrams (PFD), process and instrument diagrams (PID), process control diagrams (PCD) and typical diagrams (TYD).

Does this standard apply to the software that I use to generate process diagrams?  Indeed it does.  The ISO 15519-2 covers both the principles of process diagramming as well as the symbols used and their meanings.  It also reviews the interrelationship between ISO diagrams and IEC diagrams, since process diagrams contain elements of both schema.  So it can be used to understand the criteria by which a rules based system using a defined set of symbols should be implemented.

How is the ISO 15519-2 organized?  It starts with the usual scope, referenced documents and definitions sections.  Next it covers documentation and process control principles and how to exchange process control information.  Section 6 is centered on representation in general.  Then Section 7 specifically reviews representation in diagrams.  In this section, there’s an introduction and then each of the 4 types of diagrams I mentioned above are discussed.  The standard is completed by 5 Informative Annexes and a 14-item Bibliography.  Topics covered in the Annexes include a list of graphical symbols, examples of how to represent meanurement, control, and actuation tasks, diagram examples, the information exchange between process and control equipment, and the relationship between terms for closed loop control, measurement, actuation and so on.

By the way, the standard contains a note from the committee that it plans to withdraw all parts of the ISO 3511 series.  FYI:  The graphical symbols have already been moved over to the ISO 14617 series of standards.  Diagram rules are of course now in this ISO 15519 series.  Letter codes for process variables and control functions are also moving, this time from the ISO 14617 series to this ISO 15519 series.

To get any ISO standard, you’ll need to make your purchase from an authorized distributor like Document Center Inc.  Since this information is copyright, it is inappropriate to have a friend send you over a copy or to get the very inexpensive copies that pop up on illegal sites.  Order with confidence at the Document Center webstore at  Here’s a link for purchasing the ISO 15519-2 directly.

And if you have any questions, we’re here to help you out.  Our staff can always be reached by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  We’ve been selling standards since 1982.  Make us your Standards Experts!

New ASTM E2104 2015 Edition – Radiographic Examination

ASTM E2104, “Standard Practice for Radiographic Examination of Advanced Aero and Turbine Materials and Components,” has just been released.  This ASTM standard provides the minimum requirements for radiographic examination of parts and materials for such applications as turbine engines and flight structures.  The new 2015 Edition cancels and replaces the previous 2009 Edition which is now obsolete.  The document was originally released in 2001.

What is radiographic examination?  It’s the use of x-rays to inspect material, for example to check welds for discontinuities.  It’s a non-destructive test which means that it does not affect the material being inspected.  It can be expensive and does need to be done by properly trained personnel as it involves the use of radiation.

What’s covered in the ASTM E2104?  The standard has the usual scope, referenced documents and definitions sections.  Clause 4 covers significance and use — when it’s to be used and why.  Clause 5 is titled “Basis of Application.”  This covers such topics as personnel qualification, timing of the examination, reporting and so on.  Clause 6 is the body of the publication, general practice.  Here you’ll get the requirements for facilities, safety, equipment and so on.  Clause 7 follows up with the detailed requirements for the testing itself.  Quality concerns are covered in Clause 8, with Clause 9 providing notes primarily for government contract work.  Clause 10 with keywords closes the requirements section.  There is an Annex in this document — it covers the military configuration for IQI (Image Quality Indicator) design.

What’s new in the ASTM A2104 2015 Edition?  This new edition includes references to two additional ASTM standards.  These new standards are referenced in the body of the document, providing users with mandatory changes.

How do I get a copy of the new ASTM E2104?  ASTM E2104 is a copyright publication and must be purchased from an authorized distributor like Document Center Inc.  We sell all ASTM publications at our webstore,  They are available in paper format, for pdf download, and as part of our Standards Online subscription service.  Here’s a link for purchasing the ASTM E2104 directly.

Have more questions?  Just contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  We’ve been selling ASTM standards since the 1980’s and our collection includes many obsolete ASTM standards.  Make us your Standards Experts!


New ISO/IEC 17021-1 – Conformity Assessment

ISO/IEC 17021-1, “Conformity assessment – Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems – Part 1: Requirements,” has just been released.  This requirements standard completes the migration from the ISO/IEC 17021 to the 7 Part ISO/IEC 17021 series of standards.  As such, it cancels and replaces the ISO/IEC 17021 2nd Edition from 2011, which is now obsolete.  It is a technical revision.

As the requirements standard, ISO/IEC 17021-1 provides you with the generic requirements for any organization supplying audit and certification services for what’s termed “management system” standards.  These standards include the ISO 9001 Quality Standards and the ISO 14001 Environmental standards for example.  These bodies that perform this type of certification services may be associated with a national standards body, with a trade association, or may be an independent company.

Who should use the ISO/IEC 17021-1?  Naturally, all bodies providing certification services for these management standards must meet the requirements of the publication in order to maintain their status.  But the document can also be of great value to companies that use their services.  By understanding the baseline requirements for their certification supplier, any company who’s being certified can confirm that they are getting the level of service for which they are paying.

What information is contained in the ISO/IEC 17021-1?  The standard starts out with the usual scope, referenced documents, and definition clauses.  Next the 56-page publication covers the principles of good certification practices.  The next several clauses cover the various requirements:  General, Structural, Resources, Informational and Process.  The final clause is on management system requirements for the certification body itself.  There are 5 Annexes, one of which is required and the other 4 are informational only.  And then a 21-item bibliography completes the document.

As a consumer of certification services, you’ll especially appreciate the section on process requirements.  This will give you insight into how the audits are conducted, from pre-certification activities to the audit itself and the various appeals and complaint processing mechanisms.  Document Center customers who routinely go through certifications have often told us that preparation is the key to a successful audit.  Knowing what and how your auditors will be assessing your systems is very helpful in making the process flow smoothly.

What’s covered in the ISO/IEC 17021-1 Annexes?  Annex A is required and provides the certification company with the baseline knowledge and skills levels they should be expecting from their employees.  Annex B discusses various evaluation methods, Annex C reviews an example of determining and maintaining competence, and Annex D covers “desired personal behavior.”  Finally Annex E is a flow chart of the audit and certification process itself, always a useful tool.

What are all the parts for the now-complete ISO/IEC 17021 series?  There are 7 parts to this series:

  • ISO/IEC 17021-1, Conformity assessment – Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems – Part 1: Requirements
  • ISO/IEC TS 17021-2, Conformity assessment – Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems – Part 2: Competence requirements for auditing and certification of environmental management systems
  • ISO/IEC TS 17021-3, Conformity assessment – Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems – Part 3: Competence requirements for auditing and certification of quality management systems
  • ISO/IEC TS 17021-4, Conformity assessment – Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems – Part 4: Competence requirements for auditing and certification of event sustainability management systems
  • ISO/IEC TS 17021-5, Conformity assessment – Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems – Part 5: Competence requirements for auditing and certification of asset management systems
  • ISO/IEC TS 17021-6, Conformity assessment – Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems – Part 6: Competence requirements for auditing and certification of business continuity management systems
  • ISO/IEC TS 17021-7, Conformity assessment — Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems — Part 7: Competence requirements for auditing and certification of road traffic safety management systems

FYI: A TS is a technical specification.

Now you’ll want to get your copies of these ISO/IEC joint standards.  Remember, these are copyright publications and must be purchased from an authorized dealer.  Document Center Inc. is such a service, selling ISO and IEC standards since the 1990’s.  You can place your order for the ISO/IEC 17021 series online at our webstore,  They are available in paper format, for pdf download, or as part of our multi-user Standards Online subscription service.  Just need the ISO/IEC 17021-1?  Here is the link to the order page for ISO/IEC 17021-1.  Need more information?  Contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  We’re here to help you with your compliance issues.  Make us your Standards Experts!

New ISO/TS 80004-2 on Nano-Object Definitions

In any emerging technology, defining terms is essential to building a body of knowledge.  For nano-technology, there’s the new ISO/TS 80004-2, “Nanotechnologies – Vocabulary – Part 2: Nano-objects.”  This technical specification is a primer of terms and concepts used for particles with nano-scale dimensions.  It’s part of a larger project to develop a hierarchy of terms for the field as a whole.

Why use ISO/TS 80004-2?  For all those working in the industry, communications are facilitated by a consistency in the usage of terms.  Without this basic agreement, successful interactions between both individuals and organizations are not possible.

What kinds of nano-objects are covered by this technical specification?  ISO/TS 80004-2 covers terms for nanoparticles, nanofibers, and nanoplates.  Each of these objects is defined by the number of dimensions they inhabit — nanoparticles are 3-dimensional, nanofibers are 2, and nanoplates exist in a single dimension.

What are some practical applications for ISO/TS 80004-2?  Of course, nano-objects are being used in cutting edge applications.  But this type of small particulate matter is also important for risk assessment and regulation of such things as traffic and industrial pollution, as well as monitoring volcanic dust, pollen and so on.  So again, a unified vocabulary is essential to enforcement and effective communications.

What size range of particles are considered nano-objects?  Nano-objects are within the nanoscale range of 1 nm to 100 nm (nanometers).  That is, the material has one, two or three dimensions within that range.

What other aspects of nano-technology does ISO/TS 80004-2 cover?  Annex A provides you with an informative section on particle size measurement.  Since actually measuring nano-objects comes with its own set of challenges, this is a good overview of what’s involved.  There is also discussion here of ultrafine particles and the relationship to workplace and cleanroom technologies (ISO Committees TC 146/SC 2 and TC 209).  And Annex B reviews the types of particles by the concepts of constituent particles, aggregates, and agglomerates.

Is there a way to learn more once I review the ISO/TS 80004-2?  Yes, the 15-item bibliography provides you with a list of relevant standards as well as 1 journal article that will be useful to you in expanding your understanding of this topic.

How can I get a copy of ISO/TS 80004-2?  This technical specification is a copyright document and must be purchased from an authorized distributor.  Document Center Inc. should be your choice, with the publication available for delivery in paper format, as a pdf download, and as part of our Standards Online multi-user subscription service.  Order at our webstore,  Or go directly to this order page for ISO/TS 80004-2.  Questions?  Contact our staff for more information by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  We’ve been working with standards since 1982 so make us your standards experts!

New ISO 8124-5 Elements in Toys

ISO 8124-5, “Safety of toys – Part 5: Determination of total concentration of certain elements in toys,” has just been released.  This new addition to the ISO 8124 series on toy safety will help designers and manufacturers decide if they need to do additional migration testing on their products.  It contains a list of various “restricted elements” and shows you how to confirm that the concentration levels of each is at or below the levels as set out in ISO 8124-3, “Safety of toys Part 3: Migration of certain elements.”

What are the restricted elements identified in ISO 8124-5?  They are antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, and selenium.  Acceptable levels of each are defined for toy materials in general and for finger paint and modeling clay in particular.

Are tests included in ISO 8124-5?  Yes, you will get general instructions on the use of reagents and the apparatus needed for testing as well as the selection and preparation of test portions.  The tests involved provide information on the digestion of these test portions.  Instrumental analysis of the results is also included.

What will I do with the information generated by these tests?  ISO 8124-5 provides you with information on the expression of the results as well as how to write up your test report.  This helps you determine if further testing is required.  You can also use this data when you find that there are jurisdictional differences in laws and regulations.  For example, there may be additional restrictions on the total concentration of lead in toy materials in some areas.

You can read more on the background and rationale for ISO 8124-5 in Annex A.  And a 5-item bibliography completes this 22 page standard.

Now you’ll want to get a copy.  All ISO standards are provided in paper format and for pdf download from Document Center Inc., an authorized dealer of the ISO publications.  Order at our webstore,, or use this link to go to the ISO 8124-5 order page.  And if you’re interested in multi-user subscription access, we have that too!  Contact our staff for more information by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  We’ve been selling standards since 1982.  Make us your Standards Experts!