ASTM F963 Updated

ASTM F963, “Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety,” has just been updated.  It was last revised in 2011, so there are a number of important changes.  Most particularly, the ASTM committee has issued new guidelines on “ride-on” toys.  The new 2016 Edition is available now from Document Center Inc.  You can purchase your copies online in either paper format or for pdf download.

Before F963 was a consumer safety specification, it was developed by NBS (the National Bureau of Standards – Now NIST) as a Voluntary Product Standard.  Back in the day (1976), the number was PS 72.  Now the document is maintained by ASTM with the help of TIA (the Toy Industry Association).  It is part of the mandatory federal regulations for toys here in the U.S.

Why is there an ASTM F963?  There are a lot of potential hazards that can be present in toys that may not be obvious to users.  This ASTM standard addresses those hazards that might occur in normal use.  Other than obvious issues like sewing kits with needles (the hazard is inherent in the toy itself), safety concerns are covered for a wide array of toys.  These requirements must be met for all toys sold in the U.S.

What’s new in the 2016 Edition of this toy safety standard?  Changes have been made throughout the document.  To see all the changes, purchase a red-line edition.  You’ll get a clean copy of the 2016 document plus a “marked-up” copy of the 2011 Edition with all changes clearly marked.

In additional to new ride-on requirements noted above, the committee highlights updates that include:

  • Issues involving batteries, including lithium ion batteries.
  • Requirements for materials and toys that could expand if swallowed.
  • Updates on projectiles and impact hazards.
  • Microbiological requirements.
  • New tests for magnets.
  • Clarification of heavy elements requirements for toy substrate materials.

One important feature of ASTM F963 is the age factor.  The standard is for children under the age of 14, but many requirements are narrowed to address abilities of children at additional age ranges.  So you’ll need to have a clear understanding of the target audience for your product when using this document.

Now to get a copy of the new Edition.  Use an authorized distributor of the ASTM standards — Document Center Inc.  We provide the ASTM standards at the same price as ASTM.  Order at our webstore,, to get your copy and any other ASTM publication you may need.  Here’s a link to the order page for ASTM F963 for your convenience.

The ASTM standards are also available as part of our Standards Online company solution.  If you’d like to know more about this standard or our products, just get in touch with us.  We can be reached by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  Make us your Standards Eperts!

ANSI/ASSE Z117.1 Confined Space Safety

ANSI/ASSE Z117.1, “Safety Requirements for Confined Spaces,” has just been updated.  ASSE recently released the ANSI adopted 2016 Edition of this important safety standard.  This update replaces the previous 2009 Edition, which is now withdrawn (obsolete).  It deals with safety issues pertaining to employees working in confined spaces, and in particular “permitted” confined spaces.  Since workplace fatalities can be associated with these spaces, this is a particularly important standard.

Working in confined spaces comes with a series of hazards.  They include atmospheric hazards like lack of oxygen or too much hydrogen sulfide, methane and so on.  Working in some settings, like agriculture or construction sites, may expose workers to hazards from loose material like gravel or grain, causing what’s termed engulfment.

ANSI/ASSE Z117.1 provides you with a methodology for protecting staff required to work in such spaces.  This is in support of U.S. regulatory requirements found in OSHA regulations (29 CFR) like 29 CFR 1910.146 on permit-required confined spaces and 29 CFR 1910.272 on grain-handling facilities.  The U.S. Dept. of Transportation Safety Standards (49 CFR 192) on transportation of gases could be another reason for using this standard as well.

What is covered in ANSI/ASSE Z117.1?  You’ll find information on definitions, identification and evaluation.  Then the standard covers non-permited and permited confined spaces to give you the comparison you may need.  Different types of atmospheric testing are reviewed.  Staff requirements like entry team and supervisor issues are covered.   There is specific information on isolation and lockout/tagout issues.  And of course, ventilation, cleaning and decontamination are included, as well as equipment like PPE (personal protection) and auxilary equipment.

You’ll also find information on safety signs and symbols and emergency concerns.  Training of the team is addressed.  There is specific information on issues of medical suitability for staff taking on the challenge of working in confined spaces.   Issues that arise when you contract out this activity are here too.

The Appendices are an important feature of this standard.  Appendix A provides you with a logic diagram for confined space entry.   Appendix B is a lengthy review of applicable standards and other literature on the subject.  And Appendix C includes a wide array of surveys and permits used for confined space activities.

When it’s time to purchase your ASSE standards, you’ll want to use an authorized distributor and Document Center Inc. is such a source.  Search for and order standards at our webstore,  Here is a direct link to the order page for ANSI/ASSE Z117.1 for your convenience.  The standard is available in both paper format and for pdf download.

Should you have additional questions or want information on company-wide access for the ASSE standards, check in with our staff.  You can reach them by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We have been working with standards since 1982.  Our collection is one of the most extensive in the business.  And we have additional products and services all geared to make compliance easier for your organization.  Make us your Standards Experts!

IEC TR 62921 Updated – Computer Greenhouse Gas

IEC TR 62921 has just been updated.  Titled “Quantification methodology for greenhouse gas emissions for computers and monitors,” the new Edition 2.0 is available now.  It can be purchased from Document Center Inc. in paper format, for pdf download or for company-wide access.  The revised Edition 2.0 replaces Edition 1.0 from February 2015, which is now obsolete.

IEC TR 62921 is a 56-page technical report to help you streamline the quantification of greenhouse gas emissions from computers and monitors.  These are devices like notebooks, desktops, tablets, workstations and monitors.  It recommends a “state of the art” process and data assumptions to help you reduce uncertainty.  And it gives you an example of how such a calculation can be made.

Who needs to report these kinds of emissions?  Of course, computer and monitor manufacturers and suppliers do.  A number of government agencies also are adopting reporting mechanisms, like France, China, Korea, and so on.  Many retailers and other non-regulatory agencies also have such requirements.

Why use IEC TR 62921 when there are other similar standards?  IEC TR 62921 is tailored specifically for computers and monitors.  This means that there is less variability that with results from other more general standards.  So using this technical report can help you generate estimates in a more rapid and effective manner.  The goal of the committee is to provide you with guidelines for consistent, accurate results.

When will you use greenhouse emissions estimates?  These are usually used to support customer enquiries, during design processes, in working with suppliers and sales outlets, and as part of quality data collection within the supply chain.

What does the IEC TR 62921 cover?  It first addresses issues like principles, approaches and methodologies.  It then reviews category rules for all components and stages for these products.  Some examples are components like PWB’s, IC’s, data storage devices, batteries, plus production, final assembly, and other lifecycle stages.

If you’re using the first edition or need a better method for estimating, you’ll want to get a copy of the new update.  Search for and order all IEC standards at the Document Center webstore at  Here is a link to the order page for IEC TR 62921 for your convenience.  If you would like more information, perhaps about our Standards Online cloud access subscription, contact our staff.  We can be reached by phone (650-591-7600) or email (   We’ve been working with standards since 1982.  Make us your Standards Experts!


ISO 37001 – Anti-bribery requirements

ISO 37001 2016 has just been released.  This new standard is titled “Anti-bribery management systems – Requirements with guidance for use.”  It is another quality management standard, with requirements for certification.  It has been developed with an eye to regulatory requirements as well as ethical considerations.   Anti-bribery efforts should be part of the compliance requirements and culture of any organization.

For this reason the 54 page standard reflects international good practice.  The committee states that it can be used in “all jurisdictions.”  It is appropriate for organizations of any size and in all sectors.  It presents a method for implementation based on policies, procedures and controls.

Guidance is provided for setting up a management system with requirements for establishing, implementing, maintaining, reviewing and improving anti-bribery controls.  It can be used not only as a stand-alone document, but also in conjunction with other ISO management systems.

The focus of the standard is on bribery alone.  Other types of fraud, money laundering and other illegal activities are not addressed.  But the committee does note that the scope of the system could be enlarged to include such issues.

Not only are the requirements for such a program clearly defined by the ISO 37001, but Annex A provides thorough guidance on how to use the document.  This Annex makes up almost 50% of the publication’s length, with detailed information on all aspects of compliance.  Such timely issues as the effect of performance bonuses and conflict of interest on unintential encouragement for the reliance on bribery are addressed.  Also discussed are traditional bribery concerns like gifts, hospitality and the like.

Your next question may be, “What are the requirements for registrars for ISO 37001?”  The ISO/IEC 17021 series has just been expanded with the release of ISO/IEC TS 17021-9.  This new part of the conformity assessment standard series specifically addresses requirements for ISO 37001 certifiers.  Both audit and certification bodies and their customers will find this new technical specification to be essential in setting up auditable systems.

Now to get a copy of this new management standard.  You can search for and order all ISO and ISO/IEC standards at our Document Center Inc. webstore,  Searching is easy, results are complete and detailed historical information is readily available.  Here are links to the order page for ISO 37001 and to the order page for ISO/IEC TS 17021-9 for your convenience.

Another issue you may have is how to provide access to critical standards within your organization.  Have you considered Standards Online, our corporate wide solution?  For more information on this service, as well as the other products and services we offer, please contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We assist many companies like yours achieve and maintain compliance.  Make us your Standards Experts!

ASTM E527 Updated – UNS Numbering

ASTM E527, “Standard Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS),” has been updated.  The new 2016 Edition replaces the previous 2012 Edition, which is now obsolete.  This standard shows you how the UNS numbers for metals and alloys are assigned.  The UNS system is a commercial designation for metals and alloys arranged by “families.”  They are listed in the Metals and Alloys in the Unified Number System (Please see my previous blog on the last update to this co-numbered ASTM DS56 and SAE HS1086).

ASTM E527 is used to specify the families themselves and the number ranges available for each of them.  Different standards associations have the responsibility for actually handling the assignments.  So the Aluminum Association in Arlington VA handles all alluminum and alluminum alloy UNS numbers.  The Copper Development Association covers copper and copper alloys, and so on.

ASTM E527 also has a section on requesting number assignments themselves.  This is the process whereby commercially used metals and alloys are given UNS numbers.  There is a specific form to use and chemical composition may be required in the case of alloys.

So what could be revised in this new edition of the standard?  A whole new “family” has been added for Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys!  Yes, the new UNS number series B00001 to B99999 has been added.  This has created changes in Clause 2.1 and in Tables 1 and 3.  And there are a couple of other editorial updates as well.

If you need to see exactly where each change to the ASTM E527 is, just ask us for the redline edition.  You’ll get 1 clean copy of the 2016 Edition and one “marked-up” copy of the previous 2012 Edition.  It’s easy to follow the corrections using the redline and the additional cost is minimal.

So how will you get your copy of this new Standard?  Go to the Document Center Inc. webstore at and place your order online.  Here is a direct link to the order page for the ASTM E527 for your convenience.  Document Center Inc. is a long-time authorized distributor of the ASTM publications, so you can order with confidence from us.

ASTM standards can be purchased in paper format or for pdf download.  To request redlines or company-wide access, check in with our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We also have a wide variety of products and services to support compliance documentation requirements.  Make us your Standards Experts!

ANSI/ASSE Z9.1 2016 Released

ANSI/ASSE Z9.1 has been updated.  The new 2016 Edition is titled “Ventilation and Control of Airborne Contaminants During Open-Surface Tank Operations.”  It is available now from Document Center Inc.  You can get a copy in either paper format or for pdf download.    The 2016 Revision replaces the previous 2006 Edition, which is now obsolete.

ANSI/ASSE Z9.1 provides you with guidelines for the control of health hazards resulting from open-surface tank operations.  There are many industries that employ open-tanks.  Such operations include washing, dyeing, coating (including electroplating), and so on.  What are some of the hazards involved in these operations?  Appendix A gives you information on potentially toxic contaminants.  The use of protective devices required by the standard, including ventilation systems, will protect the health and well-being of tank workers.

ASSE, the American Society of Safety Engineers, focuses on worker safety issues and requirements for the protection of workers.  The ANSI/ASSE Z9.1, like many safety standards, provides minimum criteria and can be adapted to the needs of the user.  The introduction notes that when codes are more stringent than the standard, the regulatory requirements should be applied.

Also note that the ANSI/ASSE Z9.1 is “auditable.”  The Appendix B is an audit form that can be used to confirm compliance with the standard.  It is a series of statements, numbered to refer to the specific sections in the standard.  A space for checking off compliance for each item is included.

The committee has give no exact information on the changes in this 2016 update.  However, I will note that the standard is in a two-column format.  The requirements of the standard are presented in the left-hand column.  Additional clarifying information is provided on the right.

If you have open-tank operations at any of your facilities, you’ll want a copy of this new revision.  You can search for and order standards at the Document Center Inc. webstore,  Here are links to the order page for ANSI/ASSE Z9.1 in paper format and the order page for the ANSI/ASSE Z9.1 for pdf download.  Document Center Inc. is an authorized distributor of the ASSE publications.

Perhaps you have additional questions or want to order directly with our staff.  Reach us by phone (650-591-7600) or using email (  We have been working with standards since 1982. You’ll find our staff to be knowledgeable about the standards you use.  And we have a broad spectrum of products and services to support your compliance requirements.  Make us your Standards Experts!

IATF 16949 replaces ISO/TS 16949

IATF 16949, “Quality management systems — Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2015 for automotive production and relevant service part organizations,” has just been released.  This new standard will replace the ISO/TS 16949, which is scheduled to be withdrawn 10/1/2017.  It represents the move to a more agile standardization environment for this important QMS publication.  The transition coincides with the update of the standard’s data to meet the requirements of ISO 9001:2015.

Why is the 16949 moving from ISO to IATF?  IATF is an industry association for the automotive industry.  Like other industry-specific ISO 9001 QMS standards (AS 9100, for example), maintaining the document at a lower jurisdiction allows for a number of benefits.  First and foremost is the concept of agility.  IATF will be able to ensure that the standard meets industry needs more quickly than ISO can with its larger membership.  And in many ways, the document and compliance is already overseen by the IATF and its regional partners anyway.

For example, certification bodies for the 16949 must already meet IATF requirements.  There will be no change to your auditors, other than the need to prove expertise in the new 2016 requirements in order to continue to be registered.

When will you need to be certified to the new IATF 16949?  All ISO/TS 16949:2009 certificates will be invalid as of 9/14/2018.  So you should start to prepare now to make the transition by that date.  Further, after 10/1/2017, the audits for ISO/TS 16949:2009 will no longer be allowed.  So if your certificate will be up for renewal you’ll need to use the new IATF 16949 after that date.  The earliest you’ll be able to transition is 1/1/2017.  There is other relevant transition information in the IATF 16949 Transition Strategy document.  Check in with our staff to get a copy (details below).

What will a transition audit be like?  IATF states that it will be similar to a recertification audit.  Please note:  Pre-audits and gap assessments by certified bodies are not allowed.  Only a half day on site prior to the start of the audit to review the audit planning information is permitted.  Of course, detailed information on audits is found in the IATF Rules document.  And a new 2016 Edition of the Rules will be published 11/1/2016.  Please let us know if you’d like to pre-order this publication.

Now to get a copy of the new document and the transition guide.  Order IATF publications at the Document Center Inc. webstore,  Here is a direct link to the order page for the IATF-16949 for your convenience.  Copies are available in paper format only.  However, we would be happy to provide you with a pdf copy of the Transition Strategy at no cost to you.  Please email our staff at and mention this blog.  Your copy will be attached to their reply.

For those of you in the automotive industry, this transition should be similar in many respects to the transition for any other updated QMS standard.  Should you have any questions on the required documentation or other compliance standards issues, please get in touch.  We’re your Standards Experts!

IEC 63000 – RoHS Documentation

IEC 63000 has just been released.  The title of this new standard is “Technical documentation for the assessment of electrical and electronic products with respect to the restriction of hazardous substances.”  It is derived from the EN 50581, which is a European regional standard.  It supports RoHS legislation or contractual obligations, whether in Europe or elsewhere.

Why use the IEC 63000?  For manufacturers that use component parts, it is not always practical to test all of the materials that actually make up their products.  Yet they must provide documentation about the inclusion or exclusion of hazardous materials.  So some of their technical documentation for compliance must come from suppliers.

IEC 63000 is designed to help you specify the technical documentation you’ll need to compile for this type of compliance declaration.  The goal is one set of documents to meet various substance regulations worldwide.  The standard helps you meet this goal by defining the content of the technical documentation.  It then specifies the tasks that need to be undertaken by the manufacturer in order to provide this information.  Each task is covered in detail.

Compliance with various regulations can provide manufacturers and others with added layers of information gathering and documentation.  Finding ways to codify how you handle the many requirements you face is essential to streamlining these processes.  Further, having settled protocols for such documentation creation and maintenance leads to improve conformance.  It also can reduce problems cropping up as products are shipped to various regions.

The use of standards is one important tool in your kit for compliance.  Search for and order the standards you need at the Document Center Inc. webstore,  Here is a direct link to the order page for IEC 63000 for your convenience.  Remember, we are an authorized distributor of the IEC publications so you can order from us with confidence.

We have many customers facing regulatory and compliance issues.  For this reason, we have a robust suite of products and services geared to support your efforts.  Check in with our staff for more information on how we can help you.  Reach us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We are your Standards Experts!


ASTM F1980 2016 Medical Device Packaging

ASTM F1980, “Standard Guide for Accelerated Aging of Sterile Barrier Systems for Medical Devices,” has been updated.  The new 2016 Edition is available now from Document Center Inc.  You can purchase it online in paper format or for pdf download.  A redline version for this standard is also available.  The guide provides you with the information you need to evaluate how your medical device’s sterile barrier packaging system holds up over time.

Why do you need to do the assessment provided by ASTM F1980?  Many packages for sterile medical devices have an expiration date.  This guide shows you how that date should be established.

Do you need to have the medical device inside the package when you test it?  Not necessarily.  The guideline shows you how to do an accelerated aging evaluation with or without the devices.  So if you’re in the process of new product development for example, this standard is still applicable.

When was the last time ASTM F1980 was updated?  The last revision was back in 2007.  That document was reapproved in 2011.  But the new 2016 Edition is a technical update and replaces the earlier edition in full.  You’ll need a copy of the new edition if you’re using this standard.

What are the changes are in this new update?  For the 2016 Edition, the main changes to this issue are found in Appendix X3.  The text portion of this section on relative humidity used in aging protocols has extensive changes.  They are marked for your convenience in the redline edition, which is available for a modest increase in price.  You can ask our staff for more information by reaching out to us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (

Since Document Center Inc. has been an authorized ASTM distributor since the 1980’s, you can search for an order the ASTM standards you need at our webstore,  Here is a direct link to the order page for the ASTM F1980 for your convenience.  And please note:  Many obsolete editions of the ASTM standards are available from Document Center Inc.  If you can’t find what you’re looking for at the ASTM website, check in with us.  We may have the edition you need.

Standards users appreciate the knowledgeable staff and broad range of standards available from Document Center Inc.  We have an array of supporting products and services all geared to make your life easier.  When you need compliance information, make us your Standards Experts!

ISO 11469 Plastics Marking Standard Updated

ISO 11469, “Plastics – Generic identification and marking of plastics products,” has been updated.  It defines the system of uniformly marking plastic products.  It’s a generic marking system, used to identify the components of the plastic material used in a given product.  The new 3rd Edition is a technical update and replaces the 2nd Edition from 2000, which is now obsolete.

Surprisingly enough, evidence of standardization can show up in the markings used on many products and materials.  You may be having new piping installed at your home and realize that there is identification marking that references the acronym of a specific SDO or in some other way suggests a standardized marking system.  Other times these numbers or marks will show up on boxes, power cords, and many other items you use every day.

Plastic products definitely fall into this category.  In the case of the Standard ISO 11469, identification markings are notated by the use of the symbols “>” and “<” on either side of the acronym for the composition of the plastic.  The schema provides directions for marking single polymers or copolymers and blends or alloys.

What are the plastic products addressed by ISO 11469?  The definition has been modified in this new release.  But basically it’s plastic material that is ready to be used for various types of applications.  So it’s ready to mold or form into useful items or components.

Another change to this edition of ISO 11469 is information on marking products that include plastics recyclate.  Recyclates are raw materials sent to a waste recycling plant or materials recovery facility for processing.  Understanding the mix of new and recycled content may be important to you.

Plastic remains a useful substance, playing an important role in the manufacturing of many types of products.  Knowing that the material you use in your business matches your requirements is essential.  Correct and clear marking of your plastic supplies needs to be supported.  The use of ISO 11469 will provide you with the assurances you need.

For a copy of the new 3rd Edition, go to the Document Center Inc. webstore at  You can search for and order the standards you need — both current editions and many obsolete documents.  And here is a direct link to the order page for the ISO 11469 for your convenience.

Document Center Inc. has been selling standards since 1982 and has many additional support services for companies like yours.  Notifications, reports, current awareness, and online access are just a few of the ways we can help you with your compliance requirements.  Contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email ( for more information and assistance.  Make us your Standards Experts!