New ISO 17516 – Microbiological limits for cosmetics

October 29th, 2014

ISO 17516, “Cosmetics – Microbiology – Microbiological limits,” has just been released.  The new 1st Edition is available now from Document Center Inc. in both paper format and for pdf download.  The document has been adopted by the European Union already and is available as EN ISO 17416 as well.

Cosmetic products are interesting in that they are not expected to be sterile and yet they must be microbiologically safe for users.  So it is incumbent upon manufacturers to insure that these products have been produced under hygienic conditions.  This leaves cosmetic companies with the question:  When and how much should our products be microbiologically tested?

ISO 29621 provides guidance for developing a risk assessment plan to determine what products are vulnerable to microbiological contamination.  And the various testing that may be required can be found in ISO 21148, ISO 21149, ISO 16212, ISO 18415, ISO 18416, ISO 21150, ISO 22717 and ISO 22718.  However, there’s been one element that’s been missing.

Now the new ISO 17516 provides you with acceptable quantitative and qualitative limits for cosmetic finished products.  The document has the usual scope and definitions sections.  Then Clause 3 moves right in the principles guiding the requirements for these types of products.  This includes basic information on limits in general as well as for products intended for use on children, on eye areas and on mucous membranes.

Clause 4 provides you with a table that specifically defines the types of microorganisms that should be tested for and limits based on general use or for the specialized uses noted above.  Annex A completes the document with the presentation of a flowchart for the interpretation of your test results.  And there’s also a 27 item bibliography that you’ll find to be very useful.

Now you need a copy of the new standard.  You’ll choose the ISO or the EN ISO edition based on the jurisdiction of your auditor, if your products or processes are certified.  Then you’ll order on the Document Center Inc. website,  Your order options will be available to you there.  Of course, you may prefer to set up multi-user access through our Standards Online subscription service.  In that case, just contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (

We’ve been providing folks like you with standards and support services since 1982 from our Silicon Valley location.  Make us your Standards Experts!

New IEC 61000-6-7 released – EMC Immunity in Industrial Locations

October 28th, 2014

The IEC 61000 series covers the essential requirements for controlling EMC.  Now the set has been expanded with the addition of IEC 61000-6-7, “Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 6-7: Generic standards – Immunity requirements for equipment intended to perform functions in a safety-related system (functional safety) in industrial locations.”  The document was developed to help you when there’s no relevant information on the electromagnetic influences for functional safety.  Because it is used when there’s no specific information on your situation, it’s considered a generic standard.

Who’s going to be using IEC 61000-6-7?  Suppliers should confirm their products meet these requirements when making claims for the immunity of safety-related equipment against electromagnetic disturbances.  And their customers and assessors should also be using it to confirm that such equipment meets these claims as well.

What locations has it been developed for?  It’s for industrial locations that usually have a separate power network dedicated specifically to them.  These might include facilities that do metalworking, car production, working with pulp and paper, or are chemical plants.

What topics are covered by IEC 61000-6-7?  After the usual scope, referenced documents, and definitions sections, the standard provides you with a general overview of the subject.  It discusses conformance to IEC Guide 107 and IEC/TS 61000-1-2.  It covers performance criteria and your test plan. And immunity requirements, test setup and philosophy, and the test results and report are also addressed.  Annex A provides you with a strategy for functions intended for safety applications.  And the standard is completed by the 14-item bibliography.

Since there’s a relationship between electromagnetic disturbances and systematic failures, you’ll want to insure that you’re providing your facility with the best practices available.  So you’ll want to get a copy of this new standard.  Go ahead and order your copy at the Document Center Inc. webstore at  Or contact our staff for more information by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (

By procuring your standards at Document Center, you’ll know that you’re getting an authorized copies, compliant with copyright laws.  You’ll have flexibility when you order, since IEC standards can be purchased in paper format, for pdf download, and as part of our Standards Online multi-use subscription service.  You’ll have a wide variety of support services available that can assist you in maintaining your standards collection.  And you’ll rest assured that when any of your standards change, you’ll be notified promptly.

Remember, Document Center has been supplying standards from our Silicon Valley location since 1982.  Make us your Standards Experts!

New ASTM B221 2014 Edition on Aluminum (Extruded)

October 27th, 2014

ASTM B221, “Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes,” has been updated.  The new 2014 Edition is available from Document Center Inc. in paper format or for pdf download.  It can also be supplied for multi-user access using our Standards Online subscription service.  The specification covers aluminum and aluminum alloy extruded bars, rods, wire, profiles and tubes.  It is one of our best-selling standards on the subject.

ASTM B221′s 41 different alloys are given chemical composition limits in Table 1.  Then Table 2 shows the mechanical property limits of these aluminum alloys and tempers.  It’s a comprehensive document, covering the usual scope, referenced standards and terminology.  You’ll find clauses for ordering information, materials and manufacture, quality assurance, chemical composition, tensile properties, heat treatment and confirmation of same, reheat treatment, various corrosion resistances, cladding, dimensional tolerances, general and internal quality, inspection, retest and rejection, marking and packaging, and certification.

Mandatory Annexes are also provided.  Annex A1 covers the basis for inclusion of property limits.  Annex A2 provides a detailed explanation of the acceptance criteria that an aluminum alloy has to meet in order to be included in this document.  The non-mandatory Appendix X1 finishes up the specification.  It gives you the designations for metals and alloys originally assigned in conformance with ASTM B275.

FYI:  I last reviewed this document when the 2012 Edition was released (ASTM B221 2012 Edition is available).  This is the second change since that last blog.  When the 2012 Edition was updated in 2013, Note 3 was revised.  In this new 2014 Edition, changes have been made to Table 2 to match properties listed in the AS&D (Aluminum Standards and Data.)  And don’t forget:  The metric edition of the document is available as ASTM B221M.

You’ll need a copy of this new edition if you use this specification.  Head to the Document Center Inc. webstore at  Here you can order the standards you need from over 500,000 unique titles (about 1,000,000 actual revisions).  If you want additional assistance, just get in touch with our staff by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  We’re your Standards Experts!

New IEC 62682 – Alarms for the process industry

October 24th, 2014

You’re involved in the process industry and you’ve got equipment that includes alarms that alert the operator to a variety of situations.  Now the new IEC 62682, “Management of alarms systems for the process industries,” is here to provide guidance on systems based on programmable electronic controllers and human-machine interface technology.  You’ll use it for alarms for process control systems, safety instrumented systems, fire and gas systems and emergency response systems.

This is the first edition of the new standard.  It is based, in part, on the ANSI/ISA 18.2 from 2009 (also titled “Management of Alarm Systems for the Process Industries”).  It provides the requirements for both alarm management and alarm systems.  You’ll use it if you manufacture alarms systems, embedded alarm systems, or alarm system software, design or install such systems, operate or maintain them, or audit and assess them.

Clauses 1 to 5 are introductory in nature.  They cover the usual scope, referenced documents, and definitions sections.  Then Clause 4 covers conformance to the standard itself.  Clause 5 provides you with a complete review of alarm system models, including lifecycle, states, response timeline and feedback considerations.

IEC 62682 Clauses 6 to 18 cover the actual requirements themselves.  This is an in-depth discussion of such alarm systems.  It starts with the philosophy issues that guide the choices for the lifecycle stages.  Next there’s coverage of the requirements specification, identification and rationalization, and specific detailed design requirements.  The last Clauses cover implementation, operation, maintenance, monitoring, change management and auditing.  A bibliography finishes off the document.

This is a lengthy and detailed document, with a number of tables giving you a clear view of such things as recommended alarm state indicators and lifecycle stage inputs and outputs.  Since alarm systems are the primary way for operators to know about equipment or process malfunctions, it’s imperative that they be operating correctly and effectively.  The IEC 62682 provides you with the technical details necessary to insure such functioning.

You’ll need a copy and you can purchase it from Document Center Inc. with the assurance that you’re getting an authorized legal copy.  Just go to our webstore at  You’ll have the option of ordering it in both paper format or for pdf download.  You can even check in with our staff and set it up as part of a multi-user Standards Online subscription service!  Just get in touch with us by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  We’re your Standards Experts!

New ISO 50003 – Auditor requirements for Energy Management Systems

October 23rd, 2014

You’ve decided that you’re going to maximize your usage of energy by setting up an Energy Management System (EnMS).  Now, how do you go about following up to confirm that you’re hitting your goals?  Remember, for quality the mantra is PDCA – Plan, Do, Check, Act.  The ISO 50001, “Energy management systems – Requirements with guidance for use,” has provided you with the basis for both planning and doing.  And the ISO 50002, “Energy audits – Requirements with guidance for use,” has shown you how to check.  But how do you evaluate the folks who’ll be doing the checking?  The new ISO 50003, “Energy management systems – Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of energy management systems,” provides the answers.

Of course, if your organization does energy audits for others, you’ll need to review this standard to confirm that your staff and processes are in compliance.  But if your organization is going to enter into an agreement with a certification body for auditing, you’ll also want to take a look at this new document.

How would ISO 50003 be helpful to you?  You’ll get an overview of the requirements for the audit planning process, the initial certification audit, the on-site audit, the duration of the audits and multi-site sampling.  You’ll also get a definition of the auditor competence, which will be helpful in setting your own expectations.

Some other helpful features of ISO 50003 are a discussion of the various stages of an EnMS audit in Clause 5.  There’s a table with information on the required EnMS knowledge expectations for the auditor in Clause 6.  Also, Table 2 reviews “technical areas,” a way to classify organizations undergoing auditing to provide a sample of the types of energy uses that are typical for each.  An example would be Heavy Industry, which can include chemical plants, oil refining, semiconductors, ship-building, and so on.

The three Annexes supply additional information (and requirements) for the duration of the EnMS audit, multi-site sampling, and the topic of continual improvement for energy performance.  An eight item bibliography rounds out the publication.

Now you’re interested in EnMS and the auditing process, and you know you need to get the standards in the series.  What’s the next step?  You’ll need to choose an authorized dealer in order to make your purchase.  And for this, you’ll find Document Center Inc. to be your best choice.  We’ve been providing standards from our Silicon Valley location since 1982 and have been on the web since 1993.

Go to the Document Center webstore at  You can choose to have ISO standards in paper format or for pdf download.  Prefer multi-user licensing?  Ask our staff about our Standards Online subscription service.  You can reach them by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  And you’ll find we have numerous services that will help you comply with the documentation requirements of any certification system you’ve got in place.  Make us your Standards Experts!

New ASME B31.8 Code for Gas Transmission

October 22nd, 2014

ASME B31.8 covers gas transmission and distribution piping systems, including gas pipelines, gas compressor stations, gas metering and regulation stations, gas mains, and service lines.  Now there’s a new 2014 Edition available from Document Center for this Code, as well as a 2014 update for the companion supplement, ASME 31.8S.

ASME B31.8 is updated on a regular basis.  The last edition was in 2012 (FYI: that revision is now  obsolete and withdrawn).  The Code covers the design, fabrication, installation, inspection, and testing of pipeline facilities used for the transportation of gas. It also covers safety aspects of the operation and maintenance of those facilities.

Titled “Code on Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems,” ASME B31.8 is  applicable up to the outlet of the customer’s meter set assembly. You’ll use it for gas transmission and gathering pipelines, including those that are installed offshore for the purpose of transporting gas from production facilities to onshore locations.  It also covers gas storage equipment of the closed pipe type that is fabricated or forged from pipe or fabricated from pipe and fittings as well as gas storage lines.

The supplement, ASME B31.8S, was written to provide you with the information necessary to develop and implement an effective integrity management program.  Such a program can decrease repair and replacement costs, prevent malfunctions, and minimize system downtime.  Considering the downside to failures of such a system, it makes good sense from personnel and community viewpoints as well as from a business perspective.

Now you need copies of the new updates.  Turn to Document Center for your purchase.  You can order them at our web store at  Or contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  We’ve been providing standards to industry from our Silicon Valley location since 1982.  Make us your Standards Experts!

ISO/IEC 17788 and ISO/IEC 17789 – Standards for Cloud Computing

October 21st, 2014

You know it had to happen!  Cloud computing is the “hot” technology area and here come the standards!  However, if you’re responsible for developing contracts or fulfilling them, you’re glad of it.  And the new standards I’ll review today cover the basics you need.  ISO/IEC 17788, “Information technology – Cloud computing – Overview and vocabulary,” puts everyone on the same page with regards to concepts and terminology.  ISO/IEC 17789, “Information technology – Cloud computing – Reference architecture,” shows you how the functional layers are structured.  We’ll cover ISO/IEC 17788 and ISO/IEC 17789 separately.

ISO/IEC 17788 (also published as ITU-T-Y.3500) was developed by JTC1′s subcommittee on distributed application platforms and services.  The first half of the document provides you with a list of definitions for 44 terms, as well as other acronyms (FYI: some definitions are taken from other standards).  Then the balance of the standard gives you a review of what cloud computing is, the key characteristics, various roles and activities, and cloud service types.  OK, I thought we’re primarily talking about SaaS (Software as a Service).  But, hey, there’s all sorts of things that can be put on the cloud!  I may be in trouble since Management as a Service is also included (I think that’s my job…)

ISO/IEC 17789 also has been published as an ITU document (ITU-T-Y.3502). There is a brief definitions section followed by Clause 5 on conventions.   Next, cloud computing reference architecture goals and objectives are covered.  Then the standard dives into the heart of the matter, providing you with detailed descriptions and charts to model the user view and the corresponding functional view.  Discussion in Clauses 7 through 10 covers various activities, relationships, and so on.

Annex A delves further into these two views with sections on the relationships between:

  • Customer and service provider
  • Provider and provider (aka “inter-cloud”)
  • Cloud service developer and cloud service provider and
  • Cloud service provider and auditor

A short bibliography of 6 additional standards for further review rounds out this publication.

Now you’ll want to get copies of these two standards.  Head to Document Center’s webstore at  Here you can order the standards you need in both paper format and for pdf download.  Want multi-user access?  Ask our staff about our Standards Online subscription service.  You can reach them by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  We’ve been helping folks like you since 1982.  Make Document Center your Standards Experts!

New ASTM A480/A480M and ASTM A484/A484M – Subscription Service Available!

October 20th, 2014

ASTM A480/A480M and ASTM A484/A484M are two examples of ASTM standards that are frequently revised.  So Document Center Inc. would like to suggest that if you use either or both of these publications, you may want to consider purchasing them from us as multi-user licensed subscription standards.  And now is the perfect opportunity, since both documents have again been updated.

FYI: The ASTM A480/A480M, “Standard Specification for General Requirements for Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip,” is now updated to the 2014b Edition for $62.00.  The ASTM A484/A484M, “Standard Specification for General Requirements for Stainless Steel Bars, Billets, and Forgings,” is now the 2014a Edition for $49.00.

Why would a subscription service be a good option for ASTM A480/A480M and ASTM A484/A484M?  There’s a couple of reasons.  First, a multi-user license means that more than one person can access the standard via the Document Center online portal.  If your organization feels hampered by the usual single-user license that accompanies the usual pdf purchase of ASTM standards, this is a way to open up access throughout the company.  And the additional functionality doesn’t come with a high price!

The other important benefit of the Standards Online subscription service for ASTM standards is the automatic updating feature.  This means that when your standard changes during the period the subscription is in force, your copy is automatically changed to the newest edition at no additional cost to you.  You no longer have to be concerned with frequent updates to these ASTM standards.  They will be processed for you automatically.

The Standards Online service is an annual subscription service which needs to be renewed once a year.  However, the overall costs to you for these ASTM standards that are updating more frequently will be a reduction in cost, an increase in user access, and the reduction of risk posed by out-of-date documentation.

You can order all current and many obsolete editions of ASTM standards on the Document Center website,  Or contact our staff for more information about our multi-user Standards Online subscription service.  You can reach them by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  We work hard to help you improve that way you purchase and use this type of conformance documentation.  Make us your Standards Experts!

New EN 1672-1 – Safety Requirements for Food Processing Machinery

October 17th, 2014

Standards pervade the world around us, in ways that we might not be aware of.  Food and food processing is such an area.  Now there’s a new standard for the safety requirements for food processing machinery.  It’s the EN 1672-1 and it’s just been released.  Titled “Food processing machinery. Basic concepts. Safety requirements,” the document provides guidance for the eurozone.  However, many manufacturers of such equipment will want to take note if they sell product into this market.

EN 1672-1 deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to commercial and industrial food processing machines.  You’ll need to be concerned with situations where your equipment is used as intended and also  under conditions of misuse which should have reasonably been foreseen.  These events can occur during transport, assembly and installation, commissioning, setting, teaching, programming, process changeover, operation, cleaning, fault finding and maintenance.

The standard deals with those risks which occur commonly in food processing machines.  It is expected that common technical requirements can be set which can be applied to all (or most) machines which have that defined  hazard.

Remember, this is not geared for the domestic use product, but for commercial equipment.  And it will also not address packaging machines.

If you need a copy, you can purchase it online at the Document Center webstore (  Or contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  We have been providing standards to industry since 1982 from our Silicon Valley location.  Make us your Standards Experts!

2015 IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations is here!

October 16th, 2014

The IATA, International Air Transport Association, publishes the Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR).  It’s updated each year at this time, so for folks who ship products that are classified as hazardous, it’s essential to keep up with the changes.  If you use this manual, you’ll want to purchase the new 56th Edition and you can get your copy from Document Center!  It will be in effect as of January 1, 2015 and includes all changes of the ICAO, International Civil Aviation Organization, for the upcoming year.  And it also contains the IATA’s operational requirements for airlines as well.

What kinds of changes will you find in the Dangerous Goods Regulations 56th Edition?  Here’s a partial list:

  • The GHS (Globally Harmonized System for classification and labeling of chemicals) has been added.
  • Lithium metal batteries are now prohibited from passenger aircraft.
  • There’s new provisions for adsorbed gases.
  • Various terms for restraint systems like air bag modules or inflators have been renamed “safety devices,” electrically initiated or pyrotechnic.
  • If your shipment of environmentally hazardous substances is less the 5 kg per receptacle, it’s no longer subject to regulations.
  • Some restrictions for overpacks have been removed (for cargo aircraft only).
  • Provisions for radioactive materials have been updated in response to the 2012 edition of the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material.

You’ll use the DGR to determine if your shipment is considered dangerous.  And if so, you’ll find complete information on the regulations that apply to your products.  With the issue of the safe transport of hazardous material by air in the news, you’ll want to make sure that you’re using the latest information to protect your shipment and those responsible for it during transit.

Order your copy online at the Document Center Inc. webstore,  Or contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (  You’ll find we have a wide range of additional services that will help you procure and maintain your compliance information collection.  Make us your Standards Experts!