ANSI Z245.1 2017 Released for Garbage Truck Safety

ANSI Z245.1 has just been updated and the 2017 Edition is available from Document Center Inc. now.  The update is titled Mobile Wastes and Recyclable Materials Collection, Transportation, and Compaction Equipment – Safety Requirements.  This morning was our garbage collection day and I followed our garbage guy down the street as I was heading to work.  I’m probably showing my age, but garbage collection is radically different today than when I was a kid.  As I watched the “arms” of the truck grab my neighbors trash cans (and tip one over I might add), I marveled at the changes in the industry.

But with all the additional equipment now on-board, garbage truck safety has got to be a big concern for both truck manufacturers and waste disposal companies.  Here is where ANSI Z245.1 comes into play.  The document addresses equipment safety requirements for equipment for mobile trash collection, including recyclables.  It revises the previous 2012 Edition, which is now obsolete. You’ll need to use the new edition moving forward.  Old equipment does not need to be retrofitted.  Note: the provision amendment for the 2012 Edition (concerning fall protection) is still in force.  Let us know if you need a copy.

ANSI Z245.1 is appropriate for use by those who manufacture, reconstruct or modify, operate, clean and maintenance, service or repair mobile collecting, transporting, and compacting equipment.  It does not address requirements for equipment used for hazardous or flammable materials.  A wide variety of equipment is covered by the standard.  They range from the usual garbage trucks you see in your neighborhood to trailers used to transport waste from one location to another, to satellite vehicles for receiving and transporting waste.  Those “arms” that I spoke of are also covered by this document.

For those of you who like pictures included in your standards, there are plenty of figures in this one!  For example, Table 8.1 provides you with safety signage requirements.  Columns include a reference number, the specific hazard, where the signage should be placed (location), size, font size, and the ANSI warning label to be used.

With 2.12 billion tons of trash being generated globally each year, you can understand why trash collection equipment, including recycling capabilities, are so important.  At the beginning of the publication, you’ll see the wide range of participation that the National Waste and Recycling Association (the caretaker of this standard) was able to achieve.  It’s clear that the industry is moving quickly to support societal needs with regards to improved collection, recycling and disposal of waste.

To get your copy of the ANSI Z245.1 2017 Edition, please go to the Document Center Inc. web store at  We have worked with ANSI for many years and are an authorized distributor of the Z245 standards.  Here is a direct link to the order page for ANSI Z245.1.

You may have additional questions or need help identifying and purchasing the standards you need.  Document Center Inc. offers you the knowledgeable assistance so often missing in our online world.  Get in touch with us by phone (650-591-7600) or email ( We respond quickly to your requests and are happy to help you.  Make us your Standards Experts!

Oh! And about that tipped can…  It was clear that our garbage collector was in a hurry this morning, since he skipped a couple of houses after his unsuccessful effort to grab the one he toppled.  Standards developers can only do so much, I’m afraid!


IFAN – The Place for Standards Users

Last week in Chicago, I attended my first IFAN meeting.  IFAN is the International Federation of Standards Users.  I am now the U.S. and Canadian representative through my participation in SES (the Society for Standards Professionals).  I found the meeting and the participants to be very interesting and am happy to find myself a part of this organization.  I’d like to tell you more about it and it’s goals.

IFAN was founded in 1974, when 11 national standards organizations met in Paris for an International Conference.  It’s an NGO, now based in Geneva.  Membership is comprised of national standards users groups from various jurisdictions, corporate members, academia, standards experts, and so on.  It is governed by an elected Board of Directors and holds meetings around the world.

IFAN has MOU’s (Memoranda of Understanding) with ISO, IEC, CEN, and CENELEC.  This means that IFAN members can participate in those organization’s general assemblies.  IFAN is also a liaison organization for participation in CASCO, the policy developing committee for conformity assessment.  This group oversees such standards as the ISO/IEC 17025 and ISO/IEC 17030.  Because of these agreements, IFAN members have a chance to directly participate in ISO, IEC, CEN and CENELEC projects of interest to them.

Of course, working at the International level is of great benefit to any person interested in trends in standardization.  And with the access to the folks at the top level of standards development, IFAN members have a chance to influence the direction of standards activities.  IFAN develops positions on subjects that affect standards users around the world.  It is at the table for the development of such strategic activities as the ISO Standards for a Sustainable World plan.

Another feature of IFAN is it’s work in promoting participation for developing and non-developed economies.  The organization is seeing increased participation from a number of locations in Asia and even from Africa.  Involvement for these folks can help them integrate more quickly into the global economy.

Many companies need assistance with their standards understanding and application.  The interaction between standards and regulation is coming into focus as a mood of deregulation sweeps through a number of jurisdictions.  Involvement with IFAN can provide you with a forum for improving your understanding of global standards concerns.  You’ll also learn of developments outside your home country.  And you’ll have a place to voice your requirements and interests at the top level.

I hope you’ll let me know if you have any issues you’d like me to bring to the attention of this group.  And I urge you to consider participation as well!  Just get in touch with me through my company, Document Center Inc.  Emails sent to us at will reach me.  I look forward to hearing from you.

ASTM E1354 Heat and Smoke Testing

ASTM E1354 has just been updated and the 2017 Edition is available from Document Center Inc. now.  The standard is titled Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter.  It has been frequently updated, making it a great candidate for inclusion in our Standards Online cloud-based enterprise solution.

I attended the SES conference in Chicago last week and one of the most enjoyable things we did is take a tour of UL headquarters.  We put on our safety goggles and watched UL employees do a wide variety of tests.  I really enjoyed seeing the test instruments and the tests themselves, since I only know them by the various documents we sell.  You can bet, there was a lot of smoke, fire, and explosions during the tour!

The ASTM E1354 is just one of the many ASTM standards routinely used for fire testing.  It is specifically designed to determine ignitability, heat release rates, mass loss rates, the effective heat of combustion, and visible smoke development of materials and products.  This is provided by measuring oxygen consumption, the flow rate in the exhaust, mass loss combined with heat release, and the obscuration of light.

Changes in the new 2017 Edition include updates to sub-clauses and  Sub-clause A1.4.1.1 on CO2 analyzer delay time was added to the Annex A1, which is a mandatory part of the standard.  Also, sub-clause 8.1.6 on samples for asymmetrical products was added.

I mentioned that users of ASTM E1354 should consider purchasing this document as part of our Standards Online subscription.  Why?  This annual subscription provides you with all revisions of the standards you include at no additional charge.  So you not only get company-wide access to your critical standards, you also have confidence that your copies are always up-to-date.

If you’d like more information, contact us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  You can also order the ASTM standards you need at our web store:  Here is a direct link to the order page for ASTM E1354 for your convenience.  Document Center Inc. has a wide array of products and services to solve your compliance documentation requirements.  Make us your Standards Experts!


ISO 21930 2017 – EPDs for Construction

ISO 21930 has been updated.  The new 90-page 2nd Edition is available now from Document Center Inc.  It’s titled Sustainability in buildings and civil engineering works – Core rules for environmental product declarations of construction products and services.  It’s used by the building sector to provide information about the environmental aspects of construction works.

These types of communications are called Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs).  As part of the suite of ISO standards available on building sustainability, this document specifically addresses environmental impacts only.  It also complements ISO 14025 since it covers the EPD for construction products and services.

EPD’s require the compilation of information related to the environmental performance of a building or other construction work.  So you’ll need to first develop the information for the EPD, then create a report with the necessary details.

The ISO 21930 begins with the usual scope, referenced document and definition sections.  That’s followed by a list of abbreviated terms.  With Section 5, the core requirements begin.  This section is on the general aspects, including information on objectives, life cycle stages and so on.  Next the standard reviews PCR (Product Category Rules) development and use.  Section 7 addresses LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) with a review of the methodological framework, inventory analysis, and impact assessment indicators you’ll be using.  Section 8 covers additional environment information needed in the EPD.

Now that all the information’s been gathered, Section 9 moves into the content of the EPD itself.  And Section 10 covers the project report.  Verification and validity of the EPD is defined in Section 11.  There is 1 normative (required) Annex, as well as 4 informative ones.  They review various concerns like the release of dangerous substances, environmental indicators from the LCA, and so on.   A 41-item Bibliography completes this standard.

Those of you already using the ISO 21930 1st Edition will want to know what the changes are.  The 2nd Edition is a technical update, replacing the now-obsolete 1st Edition.  Changes are extensive.  Review the list from the committee in the forwarding material on pages v and vi.  These changes will definitely impact your use of the standard.

Now to get a copy.  Use an authorized distributor like Document Center Inc. for purchasing all of your standards.  They are available through our website,  Here is a direct link to the order page for ISO 21930 for your convenience.

You may need additional information or want to set up a subscription service so your entire company can access the standards import to your business.  Reach out to us by phone (650-591-7600) or email ( for assistance.  We have been working with standards since 1982.  Look to us for the compliance solutions you need and make us your Standards Experts!


EN 55011 Updated

The use of the EN 55011 is widespread.   The standard is titled Industrial, scientific and medical equipment – Radio-frequency disturbance characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement.  It is a harmonized standard for the 2014/30/EU Directive on Electromagnetic Compatibility.  It recently was updated with the addition of an Amendment 1 for the 2016 Edition.  This update replaces the previous 2016 Edition.  The changes to the document were generated by changes in the source standard.  Since it is an adoption of the CISPR 11, the new EN 55011 now includes the CISPR 11 Amendment 1.

The standard is part of the harmonized standards series for the EMC Directive, 2014/30/EU.  However, the new edition is not on the list yet.  This means that it has not been officially adopted in the Official Journal.

I note that this approval may be pending due to issues with the Annex ZZ.  The Annex references the clauses of the previous (now withdrawn) EMC Directive 2004/108/EC.  However, the CENELEC information on the document states that while the previous 2016 Edition related to both Directives, the new 2016 Edition with the 2017 Amendment is for the 2014/30/EU only.  I suspect this may have resulted in some cases of the various editions having different status levels in different nations.  I note that at the present time, the BS EN 55011 2016 Edition is considered withdrawn without replacement.  However, the new BS EN 55011 2016 + Amendment 1 2017 is current.

If you use this standard, please note that several national deviations are presented in the cover sheet material.  Some frequency ranges are different in Germany and in the United Kingdom.

You may also be interested in the changes from the previous 2016 Edition.  Updates have to do with the the fully-anechoic room (FAR) for measurements of the disturbance field strength.  (A FAR is a shielded enclosure where the internal surfaces are lined with RF energy-absorbing material.)  The new FAR requirements are for disturbance field strength in the range of 30 MHz to 1 GHz.  This FAR can be used if validated according to CISPR 16-1-4.

You do have choices when it comes to your purchase.  Use the Document Center Inc. website at to see your options.  Or contact us by phone (650-591-7600) or email ( for more information.  We have a variety of standards solutions available for you.  Make us your Standards Experts!


ASTM E18 2017 Rockwell Hardness

ASTM E18, Standard Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials, has been revised again.  The new 2017 Edition is available from Document Center now.  It is a copyright document and can be purchased in paper format or for pdf download.  It can also be included in our Standards Online cloud access subscription service.

This is one of our best selling standards here at Document Center Inc.  I last blogged about it when the 2016 Edition was released (ASTM E18 2016 Update Available).  It provides you with the test methods to use to determine the Rockwell hardness and the Rockwell superficial hardness of metallic materials.

You will also find complementary information in the Appendices.  Appendix X1 is a list of ASTM standards that give approximate hardness values corresponding to tensile strength values.  Appendix X2 contains examples of procedures for determining Rockwell hardness uncertainty.

The changes in the new 2017 Edition of the ASTM E18 are not extensive.  They center on a new Note A1.4 and changes in Clauses A1.5.2.8, A1.5.3.9, A2.8.1.8 and A2.8.2.9.  However, you may have trouble spotting them.  Use the Redline edition to confirm all updates.  It costs a bit more, but you not only get the clean copy of the 2017 Edition but also the “marked-up” copy of the 2016 one as well.

Copyright standards should always be purchased from an authorized distributor like Document Center Inc.  Search for current and obsolete editions of ASTM Standards at our webstore,  It’s easy to order online.  Here is a direct link to the order page for ASTM E18 for your convenience.

Have other questions?  Just reach out to us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  Document Center has been working with standards since 1982.  We have a wide range of products and services to support your document control function. You’ll quickly learn why so many companies make us their Standards Experts!

ANSI/AAMI/ISO 25539-1 2017 Released

ANSI/AAMI/ISO 25539-1 has just been updated.  The new 2017 Edition is available from Document Center Inc. in both paper format and for pdf download.  The title is Cardiovascular implants – Endovascular devices – Part 1: Endovascular prostheses.  It is the U.S. national adoption of ISO 25539-1 from 2017.

What is a national adoption of an ISO standard?  It is an authorized reprint of an international standard.  It may be a translation from the original ISO text.  For U.S. adoptions, the spelling is modified to support American conventions from the original British.  In the case of AAMI, these national editions are possible because AAMI is the U.S. TAG (Technical Advisory Group) participation in the writing of ISO and IEC standards for medical devices.  Many times national adoptions are less expensive, since all the proceeds go only to the publisher and do not have to be shared with ISO.

Where is the ANSI/AAMI/ISO 25539-1 an authorized edition?  Normally national adoptions are for use in the country where they are published.  With medical device standards, there are other regulatory concerns.  Many of these AAMI adoptions are called out for FDA compliance.  So the use of the U.S. adoptions may be required for medical devices manufactured and/or sold in the U.S.

How do I know if ANSI/AAMI/ISO 25539-1 is required by the FDA?  This publication has just been released.  It will take a while for the FDA to review it and determine if there are national differences necessary for U.S. compliance.  To find out the status for a document in the U.S., go to the FDA Recognized Consensus Standards Search Page.  Put the document number only in the standard designation search field.  The results of the search will show you what document editions are authorized by the FDA.

In the case of the 25539-1, currently the previous ISO edition is in force.  This means that right now, the FDA requires you to meet the ISO 25539-1 1st Edition (2001) with Amendment 1 (2005).  I would expect this to be updated with information on either the ISO 25539-1 2nd Edition (2017), the ANSI/AAMI/ISO adoption (2017) or both.

To get a full run-down on the changes in the new 2017 Edition, take a look at the Introduction on Page viii.  Here the committee has provided you with an “executive summary” of the updates.

To get your copy, use Document Center Inc.  We’ve been selling standards since 1982 and we are an authorized AAMI distributor.  Go to our webstore at or directly to the order page for ANSI/AAMI/ISO 25539-1.

If you’d like more information on our other products and services, get in touch with us.  We can be reached by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  Our customers rely on us to support their compliance documentation requirements.  Make us your Standards Experts too!

ISO 6658 Revised – Sensory Analysis

ISO 6658 3rd Edition has just been released.  It’s titled Sensory analysis – Methodology – General guidance.  It provides you with information on the use of sensory analysis for foods and other products.  This new 3rd Edition from 2017 replaces the previous 2nd Edition from 2005.  All the earlier editions are now obsolete, as the 3rd  Edition is a technical update.

Here are the main areas that ISO 6658 covers.  It includes background information on the essential features of the various methods used.  It provides details of the general requirements, procedures and interpretation of results for these types of tests.  And it shows you how to review these tests to choose the one most suitable for your situation.

The standard first starts with the usual scope, reference documents and definitions sections.  The committee requests that you then review Clause 4 on general requirements before moving on.  Clause 5 covers the various tests that can be used.  And Clause 6 takes a look at some general principles of data collection and analysis with regards to sensory data.  General principles of statistical treatment of your results is also included.  Clause 7 covers the test report.  Annex A reviews statistical terms.  A 28-item bibliography completes this 34-page document.

Changes in this new edition include updates to the definition of “sensory analysis”, to Clause 6 and to the bibliography.  Tests were added/expanded in sections 5.2.7 and 5.4.  And Table A.1 was deleted from Annex A.

Most standards on sensory analysis are released by ASTM and ISO.  (Many are then adopted by other jurisdictions).  To take a look at the standards currently available, please see our Document Center Inc. List of Standards on Sensory Analysis.

You can purchase all these standards at our webstore,  Here is a direct link to the order page for ISO 6658 for your convenience.  You will have the choice of paper format or pdf download.  If you’d like to have the document included in our Standards Online cloud access subscription service, please get in touch with our staff.  We can be reached by phone (650-591-7600) or email (

Document Center Inc. has been selling standards since 1982.  We have a wide variety of products and services to support your compliance and corporate requirements.  Make us your Standards Experts!

EN 55014-1 2017 – Radio-frequency Emissions

EN 55014-1 has just been updated.  The new 2017 Edition is available from Document Center Inc. now in a variety of national editions and formats.  It replaces the previous 2006 Edition.  The title is Electromagnetic compatibility. Requirements for household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus. Emission.   It is the European adoption of CISPR 14-1.

What does this standard cover?  It provides requirements that apply to the emission of radio-frequency (RF) disturbances by appliances, electric tools and other equipment.  The frequency range addressed is 9 kHz to 400 GHz.  The equipment many be powered by AC, DC, and even batteries.

Is EN 55014-1 the same as CISPR 14-1?  The document is the adoption of CISPR 14-1 Edition 6.0 and it’s Corrigendum 1.   Another thing to note is that the CISPR 14-1 references a number CISPR and other international standards.  When using the EN 55014-1, you will be required to use the EN adoptions of each.  A list is included in the Endorsement notice on page 2 and in Annex ZA on pages 3 and 4.

When do I have to use EN 55014-1?  The document is for the manufacture and sale of goods within the European region.  It is part of the harmonized standards list for the Directive 2014/30/EU (on Electromagnetic Compatibility).

How can I get a copy of EN 55014-1?  While the EN 55014-1 was adopted by the European Union back in April, the national editions are just coming out now.  And you can only purchase this standard in a national edition.  Currently, Document Center has the BS EN 55014-1 and the SS EN 55014-1 available for purchase.  They both have the same legal weight and are valid for use in Europe.  Other national editions may currently be available or will soon follow.  Here is the order page for all EN 55014-1 standards on our website.

Do I have to purchase EN 55014-1 in order to get a copy?  Yes, you do.  All national editions are covered by copyright and should be purchased from authorized distributors like Document Center Inc.  Each national standards body does have it’s own set of purchase requirements.  So pick an edition in the format you want and for the price that suits you best.  If you have a specific auditor for certification, that may also factor into your purchase decision.

Still have questions?  Please get in touch with us.  We are knowledgeable about standards and will be happy to help you.  Reach us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We have been working with standards since 1982.  Make us your Standards Experts!



ASTM D1000 Revised for Electrical Tape

ASTM D1000 has just been updated.  The publication is titled Standard Test Methods for Pressure-Sensitive Adhesive-Coated Tapes Used for Electrical and Electronic Applications.  The new 2017 Edition replaces the 2010 Edition, which is now obsolete.  Both are available from Document Center Inc.

The ASTM D1000 contains test methods used for adhesive-coated tapes used in electrical insulation.  These tapes may have backings that are either elastomeric or non-electomeric.  There are 24 different test methods in the publication.  They include flammability, accelerated aging, adhesion strength, curling and twisting, and oil resistance, just to name a few.

There are a great many revisions in this new update.  In fact, the end of the publication does not include the usual synopsis that is often included in ASTM updates.  So your best bet is going to be purchasing the redline edition of this standard.  You will then receive a clean copy of the 2017 Edition and a “marked-up” copy of the previous 2010 Edition.  The changes will be clear to you on the marked-up (redline) copy.

You may have questions on the best way to order ASTM standards.  Document Center provides them in a variety of formats.  These include paper, pdf download (single user), redline (as noted above), combo (paper and pdf set), and subscription access for your entire company (Standards Online).  For more information to help you decide what works best in your situation, get in touch with us.  We’re available via phone (650-591-7600) and email (

Many people prefer just to order online at the Document Center webstore,  Here is a direct link to the order page for ASTM D1000 for your convenience.  Please note:  We have many obsolete ASTM standards available as well.  If you need a historical copy, please get in touch.

Document Center Inc. has been selling standards since 1982.  We have many products and services to support your document control processes.  Make us your Standards Experts!