New ISO 17409 – Safety for EV Power Connections

ISO has just released the new ISO 17409, “Electrically propelled road vehicles – Connection to an external electric power supply – Safety requirements.”  The 1st Edition specifies electric safety requirements for conductive connections for electric vehicles (EVs.)  So when you charge your EV, you can do so with confidence.

What kinds of EV’s does the ISO 17409 cover?  It applies to electrically propelled road vehicles with voltage class B electric circuits.  These are mostly cars, but can also include motorcycles and mopeds if need be.  The charging activity will take place using a plug or vehicle inlet.

What safety areas does the ISO 17409 include?  You’ll find clauses for the following issues:

  • Protecting users against electric shock
  • Protection for “thermal incident” (fire)
  • Specific requirements for the vehicle itself, include the inlet, the plug and the cable
  • Requirements for an a.c. power supply
  • Requirements for a d.c. power supply
  • Operational requirements
  • Owner’s manual requirements and marking
  • Tests

An 8-item bibliography completes the standard.

This 30-page document complements other EV standards.  Of particular note is the IEC 61851 series on EV conductive charging systems and the IEC 62196 series on plugs, socket-outlets, vehicle connectors and vehicle inlets for EV charging.

As the recent UL brochure “Transportation in Transition” notes, “Because Electric Vehicles are still developing, manufacturers must monitor the landscape carefully and stay abreast of both the technical features required for new products and the changing regulatory and compliance environment.”

If you need help keeping up with the changing standards landscape for EV’s, we have a couple of tools for you.  First, EV standards are classified under the ICS Code 43.120.  We have a page that includes all standards that fall under that category.  Take a look at the Document Center List of Standards on Electric Road Vehicles.   We also blog on standards that have been updated during the last quarter for various ICS classifications as well.  You’ll find all of them at  Our New Road Vehicle Engineering Standards for the 2nd Quarter 2015 is a good example of one that’s in this topic area.

Of course, you can search for and order the standards you need when you’re at our web store,  And here’s a direct link to the order page for ISO 17409.  But you may also have additional questions about EV standards or standards in general.  Just contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (

And don’t forget to check out the many additional services and products we offer to help you make the best use of your standards collection.  With over 30 years of experience helping standards users like you, we’re your Standards Experts!

New AAMI TIR48 – QMS for Combination Products

AAMI TIR48, “Quality Management System (QMS) Recommendations on the Application of the U.S. FDA’s CGMP Final Rule on Combination Product,” has just been released.  This new publication helps medical device manufacturers and others effectively implement FDA requirements for CGMP (Current Good Manufacturing Practices) with regards to combination products.

What is a combination product?  It is a product that integrates a medical device with drug delivery, biological products, or other devices.  These types of medical devices are used for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.  The FDA regulation that applies (21 CFR Part 4) became effective on 7/22/2013.  So this TIR is timely for industry.  Other best practices, guidelines and standards from jurisdictions outside the U.S. are also considered in this publication.

Why did AAMI develop the AAMI TIR48?  Issues surrounding combination products and CGMP operating systems have surfaced as industry needs to meet these new FDA requirements.  The TIR48 gives you the information you need to make informed, risk-based decisions during development, manufacture, premarket regulatory evaluation, and commercialization of your combination medical devices.

What’s included in AAMI TIR48?  The publication starts with a scope clause and then moves directly into how to apply CTMPs in accordance with the FDA’s final rule for combination products (that 21 CFR Part 4 again.)  Clause 3 addresses the issue of transitioning to a “streamlined approach” and all that that entails.  Clause 4 covers the application of design controls and risk management for combination products.  The document is completed by an Annex A on terminology and a 35-item bibliography.

How can you get a copy of AAMI TIR48?  Use an authorized standards distributor like Document Center Inc. to make sure your copy is authorized.  We provide all AAMI standards in both paper format and for pdf download.  Additionally you can include your AAMI standards in our multi-user subscription service, Standards Online.

You can search for and order standards using your browser at  Here’s a direct link to order AAMI TIR48.  Want to know more about our subscription service or have other questions?  Contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We’ve been working with standards since 1982.  So make Document Center your Standards Experts!


New ASTM D1785 2015 Edition for PVC Pipe

ASTM D1785, “Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedules 40, 80, and 120,” has just been updated.  The new 2015 Edition is available from Document Center Inc. now in paper format, as a pdf download, and as part of our multi-user enterprise solution, Standards Online.  The new 2015 Edition cancels and replaces the previous 2012 Edition from May, 2012.

The PVC pipe covered by ASTM D1785 is used for water.  The specification gives you details on the criteria for classifying PVC plastic pipe materials and pipe, as well as a nomenclature system for this product.  You’ll get complete information on the requirements and test methods for materials, workmanship, dimensions, pressure requirements, flattening and extrusion quality.  Marking methods are also covered.

The changes in the 2015 Edition for ASTM D1785 have to do with the addition of a reference to UL 1738, “Standard for Venting Systems for Gas-Burning Appliances, Categories II, III, and IV.”  So the UL document is now a part of the referenced documents section and has been added to the Note 2, which is part of the scope paragraph.

This change reminds me that it’s important to recognize the interdependence of standards from a number of organizations.  For example, for the ASTM D1785, standards from ASTM are of course referenced.  But you’ll also find the inclusion of information from FED-STD-123, MIL-STD-129, NSF Standards 14 and 61, as well as the new reference to UL 1738.

For the standards user, this presents a challenge.  While it’s relatively easy to go out and purchase your standards from any number of sources, collecting your standards is only half of the problem.  Over time, the standards you use change.  Having to check in with lots of different associations to determine if your standards are still current becomes more and more of a problem.

Getting all your standards from one source provides you not only with time-saving advantages, but also means that you can rely on your standards provider to update you whenever any of your documents change.  And Document Center Inc. has a range of notifications services, all best-of-class!  You can even get standing order service to have complete peace-of-mind.

Head to our Document Center Inc. standards store at to search for and order standards.  Our basic free notification service is included in the price of your document.  Here’s a link to go directly to the order page for ASTM D1785.  Prefer to work directly with a real person?  Contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We have been helping people like you use standards more effectively since 1982.  Make Document Center Inc. your Standards Experts!

AMS-STD-595 replaces FED-STD-595

FED-STD-595, “Colors Used in Government Procurement,” has just been replaced by AMS-STD-595 of the same title.  It is important to note that the new publication does not contain any color chips yet.  It is just the text component of the document that’s been re-issued by SAE.

Exactly what’s going on?  FYI:  The FED-STD-595 (the last issue was Revision C with Change Notice 1 from 2008) was printed and distributed by the GSA (General Services Administration).  A couple of years ago, the GSA decided that it didn’t want to be the “caretaker” of the standard any more and stopped distributing it on July 31, 2014.  Ownership has now been transferred to SAE.

The color chips themselves remain stable.  The last Revision C and it’s Notice 1 just added chips to the earlier Revision B, making the grand total 658.  The chips have been available in three formats in the past – affixed in 3 columns on 8 1/2 by 11 sheets of paper, in flip-book format, and as 3 by 5 individual chip cards.  Most colors are presented in 3 finishes, gloss, semigloss, and lusterless.  The set is arranged according to the color pallette: browns, reds, oranges, yellows, greens, blues, grays, miscellaneous, and fluorescents.  Each chip is given a unique 5 digit code for identification.

Since these colors are used for all Federal level procurement, included DoD contracts, they are an important resource.  Indeed, many prime contractors require the chips themselves be replaced every couple of years.  It can’t be emphasized enough that government contracts for products with some type of coating require colors and finishes to match these chips exactly.  So you’ll want to make sure that you’ve got a way to confirm you’re in compliance for any government contractual work you do.

At the present time, SAE states the following for the use of the new AMS-STD-595:

  1.  The document has been taken directly from the FED-STD-595C and contains only minor editorial and format changes in order to make it an AMS document.
  2. This new 2015 Edition of AMS -STD-595 is intended to replace FED-STD-595C.
  3. All colors in the old FED-STD-595C (with Notice 1) remain current.

Do you need a copy of AMS-STD-595?  Since there are no technical changes (or any changes to the color chips), it is not essential from a technical point of view.  And certainly neither the DoD or the GSA has issued any official notice adopting the SAE publication yet.  However, if you do any government contract work involving coatings (colors), you may be well advised to get your copy of AMS-STD-595 now.

As for those chips, SAE as the new caretaker will have a strategy for replacing them soon I’m sure.  I have been checking in with them every couple of days since the new standard was released, but as yet there is no official word on when the chip situation will be clarified.  I expect an answer in the next 1 to 2 weeks and will let you know at that time.

And how do you get your copy of AMS-STD-595?  Luckily, it’s available now from Document Center Inc. in either paper format or for pdf download.  Here’s the order page for AMS-STD-595 and here’s the link to our Standards Store  If you have more questions, just get in touch with us by phone (650-591-7600) or by email (  We’ve been selling standards since 1982 and our mission is to help folks use standards more effectively.  Make us your Standards Experts!

ISO 15378 Updated – Packaging for Medicines

ISO 15378, “Primary packaging materials for medicinal products – Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2008, with reference to Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP),” has just been updated.  The new 3rd Edition cancels and replaces the previous 2nd Edition from 2011.  This standard provides medicinal product manufacturers and packagers with specific requirements for safe packaging to meet GMP principles.

The standard has a couple of features you’ll find useful.  First, since it is a way to make sure you’re meeting the ISO 9001 requirements, various clauses are reprinted in whole, notated by a box around the text.  Also, text that specifically contains GMP information regarding primary packaging materials is in intalics.  So you’ll always be able to visually understand what information pertains to each resource.

Now for the big question all ISO 15378 users have:  What are the changes in the ISO 15378:2015 Edition?  Here’s the guidance provided by the committee:

  • This new edition includes requirements for risk management.
  • There is an extensive revision regarding verification, qualification and validation requirements for primary packaging materials.
  • The requirements for infrastructure, work environment, maintenance and cleaning activities have been revised.  Also the requirements for customer communication, control of production and service provision and batch release have been modified.

Of course, ISO 9001 has recently been updated and other referenced documents are currently in the revision cycle as well (ISO 14644-1 and ISO 14644-2).  So there are sure to be further changes to this standard in the future.  But for now, those of you using this document will be glad of the additional guidance it provides, particularly in the area of risk management.

So you’ll need a copy and you’ll want to make sure that you get it from an authorized reseller like Document Center Inc.  It’s easy to search and order standards at our webstore,  Here’s the direct link for the ISO 15378.  Want more information on the standard or how to include it in our enterprise solution, the Standards Online multiuser subscription service?  Just get in touch with our staff for more information.  You can reach them by phone (650-591-7600) or email (

Keeping up with standards is a challenge.  Why not rely on an organization that has been working with standards since 1982.  We have a wide variety of services all geared to making your use of standards more effective.  Make Document Center Inc. your Standards Experts!

UL 50 and UL 50E updated – Electrical Enclosures

UL 50 and UL 50E, the two essential UL standards on Enclosures for Electrical Equipment, have just been updated.  Here’s a quick review of each of these two important publications and their changes:

UL 50, 13th Edition, Enclosures for Electrical Equipment, Non-Environmental Considerations

The UL 50 applies to enclosures for electrical equipment intended to be installed and used in non-hazardous locations.  You’ll use this standard with the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I, CSA C22.1, the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70, and Mexico’s Electrical Installations, NOM-001-SEDE.  Coverage is provided for enclosures for indoor locations (Types 1, 2, 5, 12, 12K, and 13) and for Enclosures for indoor or outdoor locations (Types 3, 3X, 3R, 3RX, 3S, 3SX, 4, 4X, 6, and 6P.)

Changes in this new edition are found for the following:

  • The addition of environmental type ratings 3X, 3RX, and 3SX
  • Sharp edges on electrical equipment
  • Requirements for slot and tab fastenings
  • Clarification of types of cast metal suitable for use as an enclosure
  • Equipment door opening 90 degrees from the closed position
  • Certification Requirement Decision for nonmetallic-sheathed cable clamps
  • Revision to requirement of cover and flange overlap for cabinets used as panelboards
  • Revision to Annex B references

UL 50E, 2nd Edition, Enclosures for Electrical Equipment, Environmental Considerations

Coverage for the UL 50E is the same as the UL 50.  However, the standard covers additional environmental construction and performance requirements for enclosures.  These used to be part of the UL 50, however in 2007 THESE environmental condition considerations were moved over to the UL 50E standard.

Changes in this 2nd Edition include the following:

  • The addition of environmental type ratings 3X, 3RX, and 3SX
  • Revisions to the Gasket Compression Test
  • Brass inserts for enclosures
  • Revisions to specify tightening torque for field installed screws and fasteners critical to maintaining the environmental integrity of an enclosure
  • Elimination of Hand Flexing Test for Gaskets

Now you need to get your copies of the UL 50 and UL 50E updates.  Remember, like many industry standards, these UL documents are covered by the laws of copyright.  So you’ll need to use an authorized standards distributor like Document Center Inc. for your purchases.

Standards can be found by searching our online catalog at  It’s easy to order online and you can rely on the Document Center staff to be available for you should you have any questions.  Here’s a link to the order page for the UL 50 and a link to the order page for the UL 50E.

Of course, using and managing a standards collection involves more than just purchasing documents.  Contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or by email ( when you have questions or to learn more about the many support services we offer.  Make Document Center your standards experts!

ASQ Q9001 2015 Released

ASQ Q9001 has been updated.  The new ASQ/ANSI/ISO 9001:2015, “Quality management systems – Requirements,” is available now from Document Center Inc. in both paper and pdf formats.  And you can add it to our enterprise solution subscription service, Standards Online, as well.

This new 2015 Edition is an identical adoption of ISO 9001:2015.  This means that there is no difference in the text of the ASQ Q9001 to the ISO 9001, with the possible change in spelling from the British convention used by ISO to the American spellings found in the ASQ editions.

Price used to be a distinct advantage of using the ASQ edition over the ISO.  However, this time there is little difference in the price one to the other.  So in many ways it is only a matter of preference and past practice that should help you determine which Edition to use.

The ASQ ISO 9001:2015 adoption was approved by ANSI on 10/21/2015, making it not only an ASQ publication but also an American National Standard.  That’s why the correct number on the publication is now ASQ/ANSI/ISO 9001:2015.  You’ll find the number contains the reference to all three “participating” organizations.

As with all national and regional adoptions of the ISO 9001, the ISO text is reprinted in it’s entirety.  The only modification is the addition of cover sheet and back sheet information from ASQ, the adopting organization in this case.  This is typical of all ISO adoptions.  Only in a few cases will you find your cover sheets to reference material changes to the ISO content for a particular jurisdiction.  This practice of making specific modifications for a particular country is called national deviations.  And of course, each page is labeled “ASQ/ANSI/ISO 9001:2015” as well.

In the past, ASQ pdf format standards had the print function turned off.  However, this practice has been abandoned, so you’ll be able to print one paper copy from the single-user license pdf version available at the Document Center webstore,

Want to get your copy of ASQ/ANSI/ISO 9001:2015 now?  Here’s a link to the order page for the ASQ Q9001!  Have more questions?  Get in touch with our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (   We’ve been working with Standards since 1982.  Our staff is familiar with standards from all over the globe.  So make Document Center Inc. your Standards Experts!

New Toy Standard ISO 8124-7 Released – Fingerpaints!

There’s a new addition to the ISO Toy Standard series.  It’s ISO 8124-7, “Safety of toys – Part 7: Requirements and test methods for finger paints.”  This brings the series total to 8 Parts.  The new Part 7 addresses the particular concerns that arise when young children are in prolonged contact with paint material.

What does ISO 8124-7 specifically address?  The new standard contains requirements to reduce the risks to children when using finger paints.  What kinds of risks could those be?  Well, some of the finger paint could be ingested, flicked into an eye, or left on a child’s skin for a long time.  So the ingredients used in finger paints need to be carefully screened for impurities and other hazards.

What information will you find in the ISO 8124-7?  The standard has the usual scope, referenced documents, and terms and definitions sections to begin with.  The bulk of the standard is contain in clause 4, requirements.  Here you get information on such things as colorants, preservatives, taste and smell, migration of certain elements, and so on.

However, the 7 Annexes actually contain the bulk of the information in this document.  Annex A (Rationale) and Annex B (Non-exhaustive list of colourants…) are both informative.  The next 3 Annexes are normative (must be obeyed).  They are:

  • Annex C on the method for the detection of certain azo colorants and determination of free primary aromatic amines.
  • Annex D, a list of preservatives allowed for use in finger paints and the maximum allowable concentrations
  • Annex E, the method for the determination of hexachlorobenzene, polychlorinated biphenyls and benzo[α]pyrene.

Annex F (Ingredients used in the manufacture of finger paints) and Annex G (Labelling guidelines and manufacturer’s markings) are again informational only.  There’s a 21-item bibliography to complete this 62 page standard.

Here at Document Center Inc., we regularly sell the various standards having to do with toy safety.  We also are a big fan of the TIA, Toy Industry Association, here in the U.S.  They do tremendous work participating in the developmental work on standards like the ISO 8124-7.  And they have outreach programs to help toy manufacturers in non-U.S. jurisdictions learn how to design and manufacture toys to meet those requirements.

If you need the ISO 8124-7 or any of the other toy standards available, just head to the Document Center Inc. webstore at  You’ll be able to search for the standards you need right from the homepage.  Or go to our Document Center List of Standards on Toys to browse for the document that’s right for you.  And here’s a link directly to the order page for the ISO 8124-7.

Need more help?  Get in touch with the Document Center staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We’re here to help you understand and use standards as effectively as possible in your business.  We’ve been working with folks like you since 1982, with both standards sales and support services available.  And don’t forget our Enterprise Solution, Standards Online.  Make us your Standards Experts!

New EN 16747 – Port Security

EN 16747, “Maritime and port security services,” has just been released.  It is a service standard, a new area of standardization that is of particular interest to many in the standards community.  It sets requirements for quality in organization, processes, staff and management for security services in this particular application.  Copies are available as the various National Edition adoptions and can be purchased from Document Center Inc. now.

What is a service standard?  A service standard sets up baseline requirements for a particular industry or application for the purposes of meeting customer expectations.  Some examples are in the tourist industry, where standards have recently been released on scuba services and resort requirements.  Another area of standardization is found for customer service organizations, like the ISO 10002 on complaint handling.

EN 16747 addresses requirements for security services or their franchises that provide services for European ports and other maritime facilities.  It takes into account the fact that there are differing applicable laws throughout the region.  You’ll find it provides you with quality criteria for the delivery of security services in and to ports and for other related maritime activities.  These services can be procured by public and private clients or buyers.

How will you use the EN 16747?  This European Standard is appropriate for the selection, attribution, awarding and reviewing of providers for port and maritime security services.  And if you are such a provider, it will give you an overview of the requirements you’ll be expected to meet for your client base.

If this is of interest to you and your organization, you’ll need a copy.  Choose an authorized distributor of standards like Document Center Inc.  We’ve been providing folks like you with standards and standards services since 1982.  And we have a number of ordering options when it comes to EN standards.

Currently, we have both the SS EN 16747 2015 Edition and the BS EN 16747 2015 Edition available at our webstore,  The Swedish edition offers you a choice of delivery options plus a low price.  Here is the link to the order page for the SS EN 16747 2015 Edition.  And here is a direct link to the order page for BS EN 16747.   FYI: We expect a DIN EN 16747 Edition to be released soon.

You can also add any of the SS EN editions to your Standards Online multi-user subscription service, so if you need an enterprise wide standards solution, contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  They’re happy to help you with all your standards questions and requirements.  Make Document Center Inc. your Standards Experts!

ISO/IEC TS 30103 – Software Quality

ISO/IEC TS 30103, “Software and Systems Engineering – Lifecycle Processes – Framework for Product Quality Achievement,” has just been released.  It extends the work of ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 (“Systems and software engineering – System life cycle process”), covering the issue of quality in projects for systems and software products and services.  It delivers you a systematic approach to quality, centering on the development of information items, their relationships, and consistency in the maintence and management of these items.

Why would you need to use ISO/IEC TS 30103?  Because it is a detailed specification on how to develop the process instances necessary to create your product and in so doing, achieve your quality goals.  And it will help you to develop, measure and evaluate how well you meet those goals as well.

What are the principles of this new technical specification?  The document states the following:

  • Localization of quality responsibility
  • Creation of process instance descriptions
  • Consistency with institutional knowledge
  • Maintenance of content consistency

What kinds of projects would you use it for?  The specification is geared for use during the development stage of the life cycle.  It is suitable for any project that involves the development, enhancement or re-engineering systems that include hardware, software and human interaction.  It is particularly helpful for those projects that are more complex or where the quality definition varies across the various application domains.

Why is ISO/IEC TS 30103 needed?  Achieving product quality over a product’s life cycle is a challenging task.  Often organizations find that decisions made early in the development of a product come back to haunt them later.  This technical specification provides you with a methodology for spotting potential gaps in identifying and applying relevant technical information at the developmental stage.

How do you get a copy of ISO/IEC TS 30103?  The document is covered by copyright law, so you’ll want to purchase your copy from an authorized distributor like Document Center Inc.  Go directly to our web store and search and order the standards you need at  Or use this link for the order page for ISO/IEC TS 30103.

Still have questions?  Contact our knowledgeable staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We’ve been working with standards since 1982, so make us your Standards Experts!