ASTM D445 2017 Update – Viscosity of Petroleum

ASTM D445, Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity), has just been updated.  The new 2017 Edition is available now from Document Center Inc., an authorized ASTM distributor.  I blogged about this standard back in 2011 (New ASTM D445 2011).  The standard is widely used in the petroleum industry.

The test is used primarily for a variety of fuel oils.  Basically, you measure the time it takes for a specific volume of liquid to flow through a calibrated glass tube (called a capillary viscometer.)  Calculations result in the dynamic viscosity value.

It is interesting to note that the ASTM D445 2003 was the basis for the ISO 3104.  Since that time, the ASTM standard has been updated many times.  The ISO publication has remained stable since 1997.  Let’s take a look at the recent major changes to the new ASTM edition.

  • New precision estimates for used (in-service) formulated oils have been added to sections 17.2.1 and 17.2.2.
  • There’s a new footnote 18 providing additional information on the above change.
  • Subsection 17.3 has been removed.

Additional smaller corrections are also found in the updated ASTM D445.  If you’d like to get a complete run-down, purchase the redline edition.  You’ll get a clean copy of the 2017 Edition plus a “marked-up” copy of the previous 2015a Edition.  This makes all the changes visible to you.

These are technical changes, affecting the usage of the document.  If you use this standard, you’ll want to purchase a copy of the new 2017 Edition.  You’ll find an extensive list of ASTM Standards, both current and obsolete, available at our Document Center Inc. webstore,  Here is a direct link to the order page for ASTM D445.  You can get a copy in either paper format or for pdf download.  If you’re interested, all ASTM standards can also be purchased as cloud subscription access documents for your entire company.

For more information, get in touch with our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We’ve been selling standards since 1982 and under contract with ASTM since the 1980’s as well.  Our services provide you with an additional layer of security when working with compliance documentation.  Make us your Standards Experts!


MIL-STD-883 K updated with New Change 2

MIL-STD-883, Microcircuits, has been updated.  The new release is Revision K with Change Notice 2.  It is available from Document Center Inc. now in both paper format and  for pdf download.  This is an essential test method  standard for the electronics industry.  You’ll want the new edition if you use this document.

While the Change Notice 1 for Revision K focused in on only 1 test method (1018 on internal gas analysis was completely rewritten), Change Notice 2 has a long list of corrections.  Here is the summary straight from the document itself:

1005.11: TABLE 1 Notes: Corrected typo, changing “pressures” to “temperatures”
1014.16: 1.1.c Note added to provide clarification of the conversion.
1014.16: Clarifiation of the mass spectometer’s sensitivity.
1014.16: 2.4.4 Clarifiation of the mass spectometer’s sensitivity.
1014.16: Clarifiation of test times for TCF.
1014.16: Better define failure criteria.
1014.16: Clarification of retest without error code.
1014.16: Clarification of retest with error code.
1014.16: Standards are to be calibrated once per year.
1014.16: Clarification of thermal bake out.
1014.16: TABLE V Corrected typo Equivalent “L” Value for >0.40<0.50 package volume.
1015.12: TABLE 1 Notes: Corrected typos, changing “pressures” to “temperatures”.
1018.9: 2.1.2 Clarification of Quarterly calibration for other gases.
2003.13: 3.1 Typo correction diethylamine.
2003.13: 4.4 Solderability test. The test is divided into two methods: Dip and Look and BGA/CGA Surface Mount.
2009.13: 3.3.6.b i. Solder column base is misaligned such that the column is not within the perimeter of the pad.
2009.13: 3.3.6.i i. Solder column base is misaligned such that the column is not within the perimeter of the pad.
2009.13: 3.3.6.o Pad dewetting/non-wetting greater than 5% of the pad surface area.
2012.10: Complete re-write of this test method.

2017.12: End terminated elements with less than 50% attach adhesive visible on each side termination and or less than 75% attach visible on the end of the termination. (see figs. 2017-5, 2017-6, and 2017-7).
3013.2: 3.3.2 Pulse amplitude shall be equal to VOH (max); shall be superimposed on a dc level equal to VOH (min).
3019.2: 1.2 Corrected symbols for pi (π).
4003.2: 3.3.1 Corrected symbols for delta(Δ).
4006.2: 3.1 Corrected equation for Rg prime (RGʹ).

As you can see, it’s quite a list! If you’re used to black lines in the margins, they are not provided.  This above list is your guide to the updates.  You’ll need to comply with them by 8/25/2017.

This test method standard is so widely used in the electronics industry, the importance of this update is obvious.  So you’ll need the new edition asap.  Document Center Inc. has been providing the defense contracting community with specs and standards since 1982.  You can search for and order the items you need at our webstore,  Here is a link to the order page for MIL-STD-883 for your convenience.  A benefit of using Document Center?  Our best-in-class notification service comes free with your purchase!

Document Center Inc. works with folks like you to help you create and maintain your compliance documentation.  We have a wide range of products and services geared to keep your standards current and complete.  If you have questions about how we can help you, just get in touch by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  Make us your Standards Experts!

ISO 16355 Quality Function Deployment Series Expanded

The ISO 16355 series of standards on Quality Function Deployment (QFD) has had a major step forward with the release of the new Parts 2, 4 and 5.  This makes 4 of the planned 8 Parts of this series available now.  All are available from Document Center Inc. in paper format and for pdf download.

The overview document for the series, ISO 16355-1, was released two years ago.  This standard provides the basics on QFD, which is a method to “build in” both customer and stakeholder satisfaction during the development of a new product.  The approach depends on the use of quantitative and non-quantitative tools and methods.  The newly released Parts focus on non-quantitative VOC (Voice of customer) or VOS (voice of stakeholder) data and a solution strategy.  Let’s take a look at each:

ISO 16355-2, 1st Edition, Applications of statistical and related methods to new technology and product development process – Part 2: Non-quantitative approaches for the acquisition of voice of customer and voice of stakeholder

QFD provides an infrastructure to make sure that your product or service satisfies those for whom it is intended.  Part 2 was developed to describe non-quantitative approaches to  VOC and VOS acquisition.   You’ll integrate this with other customer research methods like focus groups, market research, and so on.

This standard provides the management structure required for success.  You’ll find it to be a wealth of information on management and planning tools for this type of analysis.  But Section 9 on “New technology and product development voices” has the most to offer.  It covers most of the material in this 48-page standard.  You’ll find tools for strategic planning and for potential customer and stakeholder identification prioritization, and data collection.

ISO 16355-4, 1st Edition, Applications of statistical and related methods to new technology and product development process – Part 4: Analysis of non-quantitative and quantitative Voice of Customer and Voice of Stakeholder

This 32-page standard covers the analysis of the material you’ve gathered using Part 2’s methodology.  Here you’ll learn how to translate your data into customer needs.  You’ll learn how to prioritize those needs.  And you’ll find help for benchmarking alternative solutions from the customer point of view.

Like Part 2, ISO 16355-4 has a series of tools you can use to achieve these results.  These include the use of the cause-to-effect diagram, the customer voice table, affinity diagrams, and so on.  Like the other parts, a bibliography provides additional resources at the end of the document.

ISO 16355-5, 1st Edition, Applications of statistical and related methods to new technology and product development process – Part 5: Solution strategy

It’s one thing to gather data on a problem, it’s another to come up with a successful solution for it. So Part 5 focuses in on the processed needed to develop a solution strategy for a new product (and by extension, for a product improvement).  It covers both a customer-driven and a technology-driven set of options.  And it contains recommendations on when the various tools are best applied.

This is an extensive look at the problem.  It is 134 pages in length and packed with tools.  These cover such areas as management, QFD options, QFD project types, and how to make the best use of your VOC and VOS information.  It shows you how to use your information in a variety of schemes.  And Section 11 highlights design optimization.  Annex A is devoted to TRIZ, the theory of inventive problem solving. Annex B is a cross-reference between the ISO 16355 series and the JIS Q 9025 standard.  This should clue you into the heavy reliance on tools and theories used by the Japanese with such success since the 1960’s.

Document Center Inc. customers have been interested in quality standards and quality management systems since I took over the business in 1985.  While the ISO 16355 series is not a management system per se, it contains valuable information for use by any organization. The standards in the series could be used in a wide range of areas within your organization. It reminds us that quality and customer satisfaction are (or should be) the basis of almost every aspect of what we do as organizations.

In order to get copies of the new standards, you’ll want to use an authorized distributor like Document Center Inc.  Head to our webstore,, to search for and order standards from our catalog of over 1 million documents.  Here is a link to the order page the 4 ISO 16355 series standards.  If you need more information, just click on the one you’re interested in.

Or go ahead and get in touch with us directly. You can reach us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We’ve been working with and selling standards since 1982.  You’ll find our staff knowledgeable and helpful. And we have a wide range of support services geared to organizations just like yours.  Make us your Standards Experts!

FED-STD-595 Officially Cancelled

FED-STD-595, Colors Used in Government Procurement, has been officially cancelled.  The Cancellation Notice 2 for Revision C has been released and can be purchased from Document Center Inc. if needed.  The cancellation makes the transition to the AMS-STD-595 official.  All procurement using the FED-STD-595 should now be made using the AMS-STD-595 instead.

You will note that the AMS-STD-595 was released back in 2015.  However, there has been a recent update to the publication.  This is the Revision A released 2/10/2017. You’ll note that the transition become official only after the new Revision A was released for the AMS edition by SAE.

If you’d like to learn more about the AMS-STD-595 Revision A, please see my previous post: New AMS Standard AMS-STD-595 Revision A – Color Standard Updated.  In that post, I review the changes that have been recently made to the  document.

For those of you used to using the FED-STD-595, I’m sure there’s a number of questions that remain.  First of all, why did the document need to change?  I believe that the costs associated with publishing and distributing the publication became difficult for GSA (the original caretaker) to support.  This was an unusual Federal Standard, with the color chips included in the publication.  Finding an industry organization willing to take on the maintenance and distribution costs was in line with the federal government’s mandate to use external standards where ever possible.

Also, FED-STD-595 was widely used throughout industry, not only for DoD and Federal procurement.  So having an industry association maintain the document allows for broader input during the revision cycle.  Migration to SAE International (formerly the Society of Automotive Engineers) is a natural fit.

What’s the downside for users of the FED-STD-595?  Of course, it’s the increased cost of the publication.  And the fact that the color chips are no longer included along with the text portion of the document.  The AMS-STD-595 does not include any color chips.  These must be purchased separately, as the traditional fanbook or individual color chips.

What’s the upside?  The underlying color reference media information has been expanded.  The use of the CIE L*a*b* color values is now a part of the standard.  So moving forward, the fundamental values of colors are likely to be linked to more commonly used color systems.

Should you need a copy of the cancellation notice for FED-STD-595, please get in touch with us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We can provide it to you in either paper format or for pdf download for a nominal fee.  To order the AMS-STD-595 or any of the color chips, try using the Document Center Inc. webstore at  Here is a direct link to the order page for the AMS-STD-595.  If you’d like to see an expanded catalog of the color chip choices, please review this AMS-STD-595 options page.

Document Center Inc. has been selling standards since 1982 and working with SAE under contract since the 1980’s.  We have a wide range of support services to help you with your Standards Requirements.  And we have the knowledge to assist you with the various questions that routinely come up.  Make us your Standards Experts!

IEC 62133 on Battery Safety Replaced

IEC 62133, Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes – Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications, has been replaced.  The updated publication comes in two parts — The first for nickel systems, the second for lithium ones.  The new standards are available now from Document Center Inc.

We’ve had questions about these two new parts.  Let’s take a look at the basic changes.  I’ll review them one at a time.

IEC 62133-1, Edition 1.0, Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes – Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications – Part 1: Nickel systems

Of course, this new Part 1 only contains the information on nickel based batteries.  So it covers the requirements and tests for safe operation of portable sealed secondary nickel cells and batteries.  These will contain alkaline electrolyte.  And both intended use and misuse are addressed.  Additionally, button cell requirements are now included.

IEC 62133-2, Edition 1.0, Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes – Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary lithium cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications – Part 2: Lithium systems

For Part 2, references to nickel have been eliminated since that’s now in Part 1. Coin cell requirements have been added.  Information on the assembly of cells into batteries has been updated.  There are mechanical tests for vibration ( and shock (  And IEC TR 62914 has been added to the bibliography.  Another interesting point is that in section 7.3.9 on design evaluation, the forced internal short-circuit test only applies to Korea, Japan, Switzerland and France.

The standard is for portable sealed secondary lithium cells and batteries containing non-acid electrolyte.  And again, coverage is for both use and for reasonably foreseeable misuse.

The two new parts are a technical revision, making the previous 2012 Edition of the IEC 62133 obsolete.  You’ll need to get copies of the new publications.  Use Document Center Inc. for your purchase.  You can search for and order IEC standards with confidence at our webstore,  We are an authorized distributor of these publications.  Here are links to the order page for IEC 62133-1 and the order page for IEC 62133-2 for your convenience.

Document Center Inc. has a wide array of services to assist you with your compliance documentation requirements.  Find out more by contacting us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  Make us your Standards Experts!

IEC 60300-3-3 Life Cycle Costing

IEC 60300-3-3, Dependability management – Part 3-3: Application guide – Life cycle costing, has been revised.  The new Edition 3.0 replaces the previous Edition 2.0 from 2004, which is now obsolete.  The standard is a general introduction to the concept of life cycle costing with an emphasis on dependability.  You will find it helpful if you need to produce, specify, oversee, and/or manage this type of forecasting.

IEC 60300-3-3 provides you with a means of comparing one alternative system solution to another.  For estimating total life cycle costs, both technical and monetary assessments need to take place.  This process yields the highest value for the user when it is undertaken early in the life of a particular item, particularly in the design phase.  Just remember, this process does not take future revenue or value into account.

Sections of IEC 60300-3-3 cover such topics as concepts of life cycle costing, the process itself, and finalizing the analysis.  There are 7 informative Annexes.  These cover various concepts and examples to help you execute your plan.  A 10-item bibliography completes the document.

FYI:  Changes in the 3rd Edition has changes throughout.  They center on the addition of a complete analysis process, greater reference to international accounting practices, and more discussion of financial concepts.  IEC Committee 56 notes that this constitutes a technical update.

To get your copy of IEC 60300-3-3, choose Document Center Inc. for your purchase.  We are an authorized distributor of the IEC standards.  You can search for and order them at our webstore,  Here is a direct link to the order page for IEC 60300-3-3 for your convenience.

You’ll be pleased to note that Document Center has a number of services that will help you procure and maintain your compliance documentation library.  These range from our best-in-class notification services to our enterprise wide cloud solution for standards access.  You’ll find our staff to be knowledgeable and helpful.  Contact us for information on both purchasing and using standards.  We can be reached by phone (650-591-7600) and email (  Make us your Standards Experts!



New ISO 1101 2017 – Geometrical Product Specifications

ISO 1101, Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – Geometrical tolerancing – Tolerances of form, orientation, location and run-out, has just been updated.  The new 2017 Edition is available from Document Center Inc. now.  It is an important part of the ISO GPS Masterplan from ISO 14638.  As noted in the title, it is the geometrical tolerancing standard for form, orientation, location and run-out (chain of standards links A, B and C).

This document provides you with a symbol language you’ll use when specifying ‘workpieces’ geometrically.    You may think of these as technical drawings.  The symbols can be used for both 2D and 3D representations.  In many ways, the document, and the family of standards it is part of, are very much like the ASME Y14 series of standards.

The new 2017 4th Edition of ISO 1101 replaces the 3rd Edition from 2012.  It is a technical update and has changes in critical parts of the standard.  For example, there have been a number of tools added.  These are for:

  • filtering of the toleranced feature and a line type
  • tolerance associated features
  •  specifying form characteristics
  • specifying the constraints to the tolerance zone

Additional changes include:

  • clarification of rules regarding the use of ‘all around’ or ‘all over’ modifiers
  • tolerance zone directions in some specific cases
  • the introduction of a ‘between’ symbol to replace the now-obsolete ‘from-to’ one.

Other change occur throughout the publication.

Document Center Inc. is an authorized distributor of all ISO standards.  You can search for and order them at our webstore,  Here is a direct link to the order page for ISO 1101.  You will be able to purchase it online in either paper format or for pdf download.  Other options are available.

To learn more about company-wide cloud access, check in with our staff.  You can reach us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We also have a wide range of products and services to help you choose and maintain your compliance documentation.  We’ve been selling standards since 1982.  Make us your Standards Experts!


ISO/IEC 30122-2 Voice Commands Standard

ISO/IEC 30122-2, Information technology – User interfaces – Voice commands – Part 2: Constructing and testing, has just been released.  The ISO/IEC 30122 series focuses on the principle voice commands commonly used with various information and communication technology (ICT) devices.  The new Part 2 adds technical criteria and test methods for voice commands and speech recognition.

With the rapid adoption of speech recognition technologies, the need for standardization is being felt.  Definitions are required and a database of commands is being set up for use with web applications.  Parts 1 and 4 of the ISO/IEC 30122 series were published last year.  They cover the general information and database registration respectively.

However, there are a number of technical details that needed to be addressed in a separate publication.  For this, the Part 2 has been released.  What are the technical criteria for speech recognition?  And how do you test for them?  The ISO/IEC 30122-2 has these requirements for you.

First, voice commands and the speech recognition engine have to work together.  So your criteria include phonetic requirements for the words and phrases that make up your verbal commands.  Then you’ll need to test to confirm that the engine actually is correctly identifying the commands.

Requirements and recommendations are found in Section 5.  The methods of testing for conformance are also included in this section.  Information is provided on the sentence recognition ratio to help you quantify your testing results.  A 15-item bibliography completes the publication.

The ISO/IEC 30122 series will be composed of 4 parts when complete.  Parts 1, 2, and 4 are now released.  Only the Part 3 on translation and localization remains in committee.  It looks to be finished up and published at the end of this year.

To purchase your copy of the standard, use Document Center Inc.  We’re an authorized distributor for both ISO and IEC.  You can search for and order standards from many organizations at our webstore,  Here is a direct link to the order page for ISO/IEC 30122-2 for your convenience.

You may prefer to get your standards as part of our Standards Online cloud access service.  For more information about that, please get in touch with our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We would also be happy to help you with any standards questions you may have.  And we do have a broad range of services to support the collection and maintenance of compliance documentation.  Make us your Standards Experts!

EN 868-2 2017 is here – MedDev Sterilized Packaging

EN 868-2, Packaging for terminally sterilized medical devices – Part 2: Sterilization wrap – Requirements and test methods, has just been updated.  The new 2017 Edition is available now from Document Center Inc.  It must be adopted by all European Union countries by August 2017.  It replaces the EN 868-2 from 2009.

Medical device sterilization is an important safety requirement.  But with the many jurisdictions providing regulatory guidance on this issue, harmonization of requirements often times feels elusive.  So those of you using this document will be pleased to know that a major part of the update involves aligning it with the EN ISO 11607 series.

Other modifications have been listed in the Annex A.  While not an exhaustive list, it gives you a good idea of where the changes are.  It also relates the changes to other EN ISO and EN standards which cover similar requirements or provide needed tests.  Some improvements to the standard have also been made for repeatability and reproducibility.  Annex B has been deleted.  The bibliography has been expanded.

While EN 868-2 is related to the Medical Device Directive (93/42/eec), it has not been formally adopted as a harmonized standard.  So you will not find it on the harmonized list nor will the notice of adoption appear in the Official Journal.  This means that there is no legal implementation date for you with regards to the EU.

You’ll have a number of purchasing choices for this standard, as is the case with all EN publications.  Check our website,, to see which may be best for your purposes.  Here is a link to a search page which displays 5 options for you.

Still have questions?  Just get in touch with us here at Document Center Inc.  You can reach us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (  We’ve been working with standards since 1982.  Our knowledgeable staff is available to you for any standards questions you may have.  We also have a number of products and services that will help you manage your standards collection more effectively.  Make us your Standards Experts!


Incorporation by Reference (IBR) News

The issue of Incorporation by Reference (IBR) of standards into the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFRs) has generated a number of copyright issues.  Now with a recent ruling by the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, some clarity has been offered.

At issue is the very concept of copyright for standards documents referenced in U.S. regulations.  There has been an on-going debate about copyright in these instances.  Should IBR standards be freely available or should the rights of the copyright holder (the standards developer) be upheld?

On one side of this debate stands an organization called, Inc. which has been posting IBR standards on the Internet.  Challenging the “freely available standards” stance, ASTM International, ASHRAE (the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers) and NFPA (the National Fire Protection Association Inc.) are on the other.  The battleground was a lawsuit brought by these Standards Developers (SDOs) against Public Resource for posting standards without permission and without compensation.

Last week, the court ruled in favor of the SDOs.  This means that IBR does not move referenced standards into the public domain.  Copyright protection continues to be in force.  This may mean free “read-only” access or it may mean the standards need to be purchased.  Each SDO continues to be the decision maker with regards to distribution.

Why is this considered a victory by SDOs?  Sale of publications in many cases is a significant part of the funding for these non-profit organizations.  IBR standards can be some of the most frequently used documents in their catalogs.  The potential lost revenue represents a legitimate challenge to the way standardization is funded.  As ANSI (the American National Standards Institute) notes, “The ruling supports ANSI members and the standards ecosystem, and enables the plaintiffs to continue to develop high-quality voluntary consensus standards that support federal, state, and local agencies.”

The standards community as a whole is grateful to these three associations for taking on the legal challenge presented by Public Resource and others of its kind.  Copyright protection requires constant vigilance.  However, many associations do not have the funds available to take on such a case.  Leadership by ASTM, ASHRAE and NFPA has been a boon to the community as a whole.

Standards are included in our regulations as best-practice solutions for health, safety, and quality requirements.  Having the two systems work in harmony is essential — one being the voluntary standards system and the other the regulatory framework for the enforcement of our laws.  I expect this ruling to provide the legal precedence needed for creating a stable legal footing regarding copyright and IBR for the standards developing community.