Nano-technologies represent a potent new field with exciting possibilities for future development. However, the industry is moving ahead quickly and there’s a need for co-ordination of terms and requirements to address the issues of safety and harmonization. Since established chemical nomenclature systems don’t adequately describe the variations between various nano-objects, the ISO Technical Committee 229 (Nanotechnologies) has issued this new Technical Report. The ISO/TR 14786, “Nanotechnologies – Considerations for the development of chemical nomenclature for selected nano-objects,” is an essential tool for all those working in this area.
FYI: An ISO Technical Report is not defined as a standard. It’s a vehicle for a committee to use when they have gathered information on a topic but are not really ready to publish a document with specific requirements. In this case, the committee wanted to issue a report that would lead to greater communication between nano-object developers and potential stakeholders (like governments, industry and academia). Since the terms used to describe nano-particles are evolving at this point, it seems a good time to review where we are.
The document begins in the usual way with the scope paragraph, referenced documents and terms and definitions sections. Section 4 is a departure from the norm, with a page of abbreviated terms. Then the document moves into the heart of the matter with a review of existing nomenclature. You’ll get a definition of nomenclature itself, then chemical nomenclature, IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) chemical nomenclature, and CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) nomenclature.
Section 6 reviews chemical nomenclature systems for nano-objects, along with other relevant approaches. Section 7 covers chemical substances that are expected to be commercial viable, under the expectation that International Standardization of these applications will likely take place. This was achieved by the use of a survey, to determine the strengths and weaknesses of the existing system. Included in this section are a review of public listings of nano-objects and ranking information to prioritize the interest in various chemical substances.
Finally the committee has provided Section 8, the overview of the results of the initial work in this area. The goal? To direct the limited resources the community of interest has towards the development of an adequate nomenclature in specific object subclasses. Additionally, the committee desires that as this work is done, the results should be placed in the public domain. It is clear that TC 229 will be participating in these efforts for the see-able future.
When you get the ISO/TR 14786, you’ll also note that there are 3 additional Annexes and a Bibliography. Annex A covers nomenclature systems in a tabular form, Annex B briefly reviews selected nano-object nomenclature systems that already exist, and Annex C consists of a number of tables, one each for the selected public listings from the body of the report. The bibliography provides you with a listing of 45 standards, articles and other publications of interest on the topic.
Now you’ll want to get this Technical Report and possibly other ISO and ASTM standards referenced in this document. You’ll go to the Document Center Inc. webstore at www.document-center.com where you can search for and order the standards you need. Or you are welcome to contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600), fax (650-591-7617) or email (firstname.lastname@example.org). You’ll be secure in the knowledge that when any standard you purchase from Document Center changes, you’ll be notified by email in a timely fashion. And if you need additional help with your standards collection, we have a number of services you’ll want to sign up for. We’ve been working with standards since 1982. Make Document Center your Standards Experts!
P.S. Be sure to check out my blog.document-center.com. I have reviewed New Nanotechnology Standards for the 4th Quarter 2013, New Nanotechnology Standards for the 2nd Quarter 2013, and New Nanotechnology Standards for the 1st Quarter 2013.