Which edition of a standard should I use?

Which edition of a standard should I use?  This question comes up regularly as our customers work on setting up compliance libraies for their companies.  There are two aspects of this question that I’d like to review for you today.

Sometimes the question has to do with which national adoption of an EN standard to use.  Since all national publications contain the required EN text, this is easy to answer.  Go ahead and use any national adoption of the EN standard you need.  Your only concern may be the use of a particular national source (BS, DIN, and so on) if your auditing body is from a particular location.  So if you’re being audited by a German organization, you may want to use the DIN adoptions and so on.

But more often the question more specifically means “Which edition will satisfy my regulatory requirements?”  The answer to this question requires a little more work on your part.   This is because each regulatory jurisdiction has the ability to dictate the version of a particular standard that you’ll need to meet.

For example, in order to meet European requirements, you’ll need to use an EN version of any given standard.  Many times you’ll find the standards you need the the EU Harmonized Standards Lists.  But let’s say you’re also required to meet FDA certification.  The FDA has adopted specific versions of standards too.  And sometimes those are not the same as the EN edition.  So you may need to review the list of FDA approved consensus standards too.  Here is the link to the search page for these FDA adopted standards.

Other jurisdictions may have adopted other versions of your standards.  You’ll need to know which locations your products will be marketed in and take a look at each set of requirements!  Guess what?  You may be buying and reviewing multiple versions of the same document.  This is a tedious process, but well worth it.  There may be slight differences in the various publications.  Knowing and accounting for them as early in your development process as possible will avoid costly problems later.

I want to mention that the standards community has had a goal of “one standard, one test” for many years now.  This is the foundation of the movement towards harmonized standards.  Naturally there are times when that goal cannot be met (think of the many electrical outlets and plugs you can find when you travel).  And certainly, politics and economic protectionism plays a role.  However, it is clear that standards organizations have made positive strides in minimizing differences from jurisdiction to jurisdiction.

Questions like “Which edition of a standard should I use?” are brought to us all the time.  This is because many people using standards have no formal education in the standards process, protocols, and conventions.  For folks like you, Document Center Inc. is a valued resource.  We have the knowledge that you need when making many of your compliance documentation decisions.  We hope that you will contact us with any questions you have and to purchase the standards you need.  You can reach us by phone (650-591-7600) and email (info@document-center.com).  Our website, www.document-center.com, is also a wealth of information.  Make us your Standards Experts!


What does ASTM reapproved mean?

What does ASTM reapproved mean?  This is one of those questions that many folks who are new to standards have.  The answer is simple, but it is an opportunity to discuss the administrative side of standardization too.

“Reapproved” or “Reaffirmed” are terms used in standardization to notate that a publication has been reviewed on a certain date.  During this review, the technical content of the standard was found to still be valid.  So you can continue to use the publication the way that it was originally issued.   You will see this written as “2000(2016) Edition” or “2000 (R2016) Edition” or even “2000 R16 Edition.” Good standards practice usually requires such a review every 5 years.

Do you have to purchase an ASTM reapproved (or any reaffirmed) edition?  This is a judgement call for many organizations.  Since the technical content of a reaffirmed edition has not changed, there is no practical reason to buy a reaffirmed edition when you already have the original issue.  That is, there is no practical difference between a 2000 Edition and a 2000 R2016 Edition.

However, sometimes auditors will prefer to have the most current edition of a publication used.  So in some cases, documentation experts will go ahead and get the reapproved edition so that they have the latest copy on file at all times.  This should be discussed with your auditor should your document collection be part of a compliance review.

Sometimes ASTM publications are reaffirmed with editorial corrections.  You might see this as “2000(2016) e1 Edition” or 2000 R2016(e1) Edition.”  This means that the technical content has not changed, but there has been some other modification to the document.  It might be a correction to the address of a referenced entity or a reformatting of a table.  Again, since the technical content remains valid, purchasing the update is not mandatory.

If you are new to standards and have questions like this, you’ll be glad to know that we are here at Document Center Inc. to give you a helping hand.  We know that many of you come to the world of standards without any prior knowledge of this type of information.  So we are happy to assist you and explain the various conventions that can be so confusing.  Every question is acceptable!  Just get in touch with us by email (info@document-center.com) or phone (650-591-7600).

You’ll also find our website, www.document-center.com, to be a valuable resource.  When you search for standards to order, you can also review the document’s history.  Many times this will shed light on how the publication has changed over time.  And we also have information on the basics of standardization for you to review as well.

Remember, here at Document Center Inc. we’ve been working with standards since 1982.  We have many products and services set up specifically to help folks like you.  Make us your Standards Experts!

ASTM-E426 2016 Released

ASTM E426 is the Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Seamless and Welded Tubular Products, Titanium, Austenitic Stainless Steel and Similar Alloys.  A new 2016 Edition has just been released and is available now from Document Center Inc.  This standard covers the process of using eddy current examination to evaluate tubular products made of low conductivity materials.

You can use ASTM E426 for tubes that are welded or seamless.  The materials will be titamium, stainless steel, and other similar alloys like those including nickel.  The standard also includes austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steels.

The document is a guide for using either the encircling coil or the probe-coil technique.  For those of you using coils and probes that are to be used inside the tube, the standard does not address specific protocols for them.

There are some changes to the new 2016 Edition from the previous (and now obslolete) 2012 one.  They center on the adoption of ISO 9712 (Non-destructive testing – Qualification and certification of NDT personnel) as a referenced document in the new revision.

How can you get a copy of the new ASTM standard practice?  Head to the Document Center Inc. webstore at www.document-center.com.  Here you’ll find all current ASTM standards as well as many obsolete editions available in both paper and pdf format.  Search for and order the standards you need.  Or go directly to the order page for ASTM E426 now.

Document Center Inc. has been an authorized distributor of ASTM standards since the 1980’s.  We have an extensive collection of standards for you to purchase.  And we also have a product line of additional support services for compliance documentation management.  When you are working with standards and need assistance, think of us.  We can provide you with the expertise required to use standards effective in your business.  Make us your Standards Experts!

ISO/IEC 18367 – Verifying IT Security

ISO/IEC 18367 has just been released.  The new standard is titled Information technology – Security techniques – Cryptographic algorithms and security mechanisms conformance testing.  You’ll use this standard to do a security analysis of your cryptographic module and it’s implementation.

Face it, IT security breaches are rocking governments and industry.  Seeing your company in the headlines and knowing that essential (and private) information has been compromised is not acceptable.  You’re depending on IT security protocols to protect your organization and it’s data.  But how do you verify that it will work?

Testing is the answer to this problem and ISO/IEC 18367 has been developed to show you how.  It contains conformance testing methods for both the cryptographic algorithms and the security mechanisms you’re implementing in a cryptographic module.  It is a companion standard for the ISO/IEC 19790 and the ISO/IEC 19790.  Conformance testing is the final step in implementing cryptographic security.

The ISO/IEC 18367 is a 76-page publication.  It can be used to assure correct security implementation in hardware, software or firmware.  It will help you confirm that your security algorithmn runs correctly in a specific operating environment.  It does this by using such testing methods as known-answer or Monte Carlo testing.  Or you may prefer to use a combination of tests.  And testing can be performed both in an actual implementation or in a simulation environment.

This means that the standard covers the types of algorithmns used for security and various testing methodologies.  Annex A gives you additional information on common mistakes made in these types of cryptographic algorithm implementation.  Annex B includes various examples of known-answer test vectors.  A 42-item bibliography completes the publication.

All ISO and IEC standards are available for purchase at the Document Center Inc. webstore, www.document-center.com.  You can get them in paper format or for pdf download.  They can also be included in our Standards Online enterprise cloud solution.  Here is a direct link to the order page for the ISO/IEC 18367 for your convenience.  If you’d like more information, please contact us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com).

Here at Document Center Inc., we’ve been working with standards since 1982.  And we’ve been on the web since 1993.  We have a wide range of products and services to support your compliance efforts.  Make us your Standards Experts!


ASME A17.1 2016 Elevators and Escalators

ASME A17.1 has been updated.  The Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators has just been revised and the 2016 Edition is here now!  The standards has a dual designation, ASME A17.1 2016 and CSA B44 2016.  This means that the code is used in both the U.S. and Canada for “North American” application.

The new 2016 of ASME A17.1 replaces the previous 2013 Edition.  The official “date of issuance” is 11/20/2016.  You have 6 months to make the transition from the 2013 Edition (now obsolete) to the new 2016 Edition.  The new update will remain in force until the next scheduled update in 2019.

What does the ASME A17.1 cover?  It is the premier safety standard for elevators, escalators and related equipment.  A wide range of elevators, escalators, dumbwaiters, moving walks and material lifts are covered.  Requirements for the design, construction, installation, operation, testing, inspection, maintenance, alteration and repair are addressed.

Who should be using the ASME A17.1?  ASME says that the Code is “intended for anyone engaged in the safety of elevators, escalators and related conveyances, including those responsible for: design, engineering and manufacture; installation, operation, testing, maintenance, alteration and repair; inspection; plans, contracts, administration, insurance and liability; property, facilities and plant management; and emergency response.”

What’s new in the 2016 Edition?  The following areas have been updated:

• seismic requirements for escalators;
• special purpose personnel elevators;
• rack and pinion elevators;
• residence elevators;
• material lifts with obscured transfer devices; and
• addition of elastomeric buffer requirements.

To get your copy of the new 2016 Edition, get in touch with Document Center Inc. now.  We have been selling standards since 1982 and have over 1 million publications available for you at our webstore, www.document-center.com.  Here is a direct link to the order page for the ASME A17.1 for your convenience.  The paper format document will ship at the end of January.

Document Center Inc. offers many additional services for those of you using standards.  Contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com) for information on our customized reports, notifications, and online access solutions for your organization.  Then make us your Standards Experts!

SAE J3114 – Automated Driving Terms

SAE J3114 has just been released.  This new Information Report is titled “Human Factors Definitions for Automated Driving and Related Research Topics.”  It covers factors to consider when integrating automated driving system features into a vehicle.  This is called “driver/user-vehicle-interface” (DVI).  It is a complementary document to SAE J3016 (“Taxonomy and Definitions for Terms Related to Driving Automation Systems for On-Road Motor Vehicles”).

As I have mentioned before, setting up terms and definitions is essential when developing standards for new technologies.  Since Document Center Inc. is based here in Silicon Valley, we have a number of customers who are working on these types of computer-aided driving systems.  Such a standard helps research and design improvement by setting up definitions for key concepts and terms.  It is a basic publication that anyone in this field should review.

How did SAE develop the J3114?  SAE has set up Task Force #5 on Automated Vehicles and DVI challenges to look into this field.  First, the task force reviewed the literature on human factors and ergonomics to spot publications directly addessing driving automation.  They found over 200 articles to review.  With this information, the task force set up key concept categories.  The final result of this process is the J3114 information report.

The 60-page publication covers a wide range of topics.  Each is defined and the literature reference(s) for each are listed.   So for “complacency,” there’s a definition, a key reference (with detailed bibliographic information), and notes.  An example is also provided to give you greater understanding of how the term is used.

Much of the document is taken up by Annex A.  This is a table that lists important preliminary publications used in the development of this report.  The columns include one for the reference itself, one on the DVI design topics addressed, and one with a series of keywords.  This can assist you in finding additional information on any area of interest to you and your organization.

How do you get a copy of the SAE J3114?  Order any SAE standard you need at the Document Center Inc. webstore, www.document-center.com.  We have a complete set of SAE standards available, including many obsolete revisions.  Here is a direct link to the order page for SAE J3114 for your convenience.

With over 1 million standards for you to choose from, Document Center is a valuable resource for your company.  We’ve been working with standards since 1982 so you’ll find our staff to be knowledgeable and helpful.  We also have a number of additional products and services to help you manage your compliance documentation requirements.  Contact us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com) for more information on how we can help you.  And make us your Standards Experts!

EN ISO 15223-1 Updated

EN ISO 15223-1, “Medical devices. Symbols to be used with medical device labels, labelling and information to be supplied. General requirements,” has been revised.  The new 2016 Edition adopts the ISO 15223-1 3rd Edition from November.  While it has been published, the adoption as a “harmonized” EN standard has not been formally published in the Official Journal.  The standard is available from Document Center Inc. now.

The new 2016 Edition of EN ISO 15223-1 is intended to replace the previous 2012 Edition (with the correction sheet) from 2012.  It will be adopted and published in national editions by each country in Europe, according to each country’s protocols.  The English, French and German language editions are “official.”  That is, the translations occur at the regional level and so are identical no matter which country publishes them.  Any other language edition can be generated by a member country provided they notify CEN, the governing body for these types of standards.  Member nations have until May 2017 to complete the administrative adoption process for this new update.

You’ll remember that the EN adoptions of the ISO 15223-1 contain the 3 Annexes (ZA, ZB, and ZC).  You’ll use these annexes to map the requirements of the standard to the dictates of the 3 medical device directives.  Since the publication is an adoption, the changes to the content of the standard are of course identical to those of the ISO 15223-1 2016 Edition.

I often get questions about transition periods and I have been asked about this already for the EN ISO 15223-1.  We will not have a firm deadline for transition until after the publication in the Official Journal has been made.  At that time, the new 2016 Edition will appear in the 3 Harmonized Lists for the medical device directives.  You’ll use the “cessation of presumption of conformity” date for your migration planning.  Your transition to the new edition will need to be completed by this date.

Another issue with purchasing the EN ISO 15223-1 is the choice of national edition.  We have a couple of options for you here at Document Center.  For the official English language edition, choose the BS EN ISO 15223-1.  This edition is available in paper format only.  Here is a direct link to the order page for the BS EN ISO 15223-1.  Another great option is the SS EN ISO 15223-1.  This is the Swedish edition, available in English which, as I mentioned above, is exactly the same as the BS text.  The document is available in paper format, for pdf download, and as part of our enterprise solution Standards Online.  Here is a link to the order page for the SS EN ISO 15223-1.

Of course, you can search for and order standards from our 1 million plus collection at our webstore, www.document-center.com.  Or get in touch with our knowledgeable staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com) with your questions or orders.  We have been working with standards since 1982.  Make us your Standards Experts!


AMS 2817 for Preformed Packings Updated

AMS 2817, “Packaging and Identification, Preformed Packings,” has just been updated.  The new Revision G is available now from Document Center Inc.  This makes the previous Revision F obsolete.  The specification includes procedures for the protection of elastomeric seals and seal assemblies from contamination prior to installation.  It also provides information on labeling for positive identification by part number.

What kinds of seals are covered by AMS 2817?  These seals and seal assemblies include O-rings, cap seal assemblies, and so on.

What’s included in the specification?  The document classifies packaging material into three types:  kraft paper with polyethylene film lining,  kraft paper with a thicker polyethylene lining on one side than the other, and one with the use of U.V. resistant film lining.  Details of the preparation of the parts and the packaging itself are given.  This includes information on envelopes used in this application.

Additionally, quality assurace requirements (including test methods) are found in Section 4.  Section 5 has detailed information on delivery preparations.  This includes envelope marking requirements.  And of course, storage requirements fot these elastomeric parts is also included.

What’s new in the AMS 2817 Revision G?  Labeling requirements were clarified.  Usually there’s a bar in the left hand margin showing where the changes have occured.  No such bars are found in this new release.

How do you get a copy of the AMS 2817?  Choose Document Center Inc. for your purchase.  Document Center is an authorized distributor of the SAE standards.  You can search for and order them (including many obsolete revisions) at our webstore, www.document-center.com.  Here is a direct link to the AMS 2817 order page for your convenience.

You may need additional services or want to take advantage of our best-in-class notifications.  For more information get in touch with our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com).  We have been working with standards since 1982.  You’ll find our staff to be most helpful and knowledgeable.  Make us your Standards Experts!

ISO/IEC 17021-2 Updated – Environmental Auditing

ISO/IEC 17021-2, “Conformity assessment – Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems – Part 2: Competence requirements for auditing and certification of environmental management systems,” has just been updated.  Don’t be confused — The new edition is numbered the 1st Edition!  But it is a revision of the ISO/IEC TS 17021-2 from 2012.  This is because the document has a different designation now — It’s an ISO/IEC standard.  You can tell this because the “TS” (specifying that it was a Technical Specification) has been dropped from the number.

I previously blogged about the ISO/IEC TS 17021-2 when it was originally released back in 2012.  The ISO/IEC 17021-2 provides additional requirements for auditors who will be performing Environmental Management System (EMS) certification.  This is because there are some requirements in the ISO 14001 that need specific competencies to correctly assess conformance.  Of course, any auditor will already meet the requirements of the ISO/IEC 17021-1.

The ISO/IEC 17021-2 2016 Edition is a technical revision of the now-obsolete ISO/IEC TS 17021-2 2012 Edition.  What’s been changed?  First, new requirements found in the updated ISO 14001 2015 Edition means that there are new compentencies needed to audit for them.  Also, the ISO/IEC 17021-2 reflects the greater focus of the ISO 14001 itself on expected outcomes.  The difference between sustainable development and sustainability has been clarified.  There is more information on understanding the “context” of an organization.  And there are new competency requirements for audigint the reliability of client communications about their EMS.

This document is available now at the Document Center Inc. webstore, www.document-center.com.  As an authorized distributor of the ISO and IEC standards, Document Center is a reliable source with extensive offerings.  Here is a direct link to the order page for the ISO/IEC 17021-2 for your convenience.

What are the benefits of using Document Center Inc.?  We not only provide standard in paper format and for pdf download, we also offer company-wide solutions with our Standards Online cloud service.  Our notification service is second-to-none.  And we have a wide assortment of other services all geared to support your need to maintain your collection of compliance documents.  To learn more, get in touch with our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com).  Then make us your Standards Experts!

ASTM C1036 Flat Glass Standard updated

ASTM C1036, “Standard Specification for Flat Glass,” has just been updated.  The 2016 Edition is a technical update for the previous and now obsolete 2011 Edition.  The new 10-page revision contains extensive changes to the requirements for annealed, monolithic flat soda-lime glass that is provided in cut sizes or as  stock sheets.  This type of glass is usually used for decorative and general glazing applications.

What kinds of glass are covered by ASTM C1036?  The glass may be transparent, clear or tinted.  The kinds of glazing products it is used for are coated glass, insulating glass, laminated glass, mirrors, spandrel glass and so on.

What kinds of changes are in the new 2016 Edition?  Some of the definitions have been revised.  And some definitions have been added or deleted.  Many of the tables have been revised.  Other updates can be found in parts of Section 5, Requirements, and Section 6, Test Methods.  For this standard, we suggest the purchase of the redline edition to assist you in evaluating all modifications to the document.

The redline edition of ASTM C1036 will include 2 copies of the standard.  One copy is a clean edition for the new 2016 release.  The other copy is the previous 2011 Edition (with editorial corrections from 2012.)  This copy contains the mark-up that specifies all areas where changes have been made to the publication.  You’ll use both to support your gap analysis of the standard.

If you need a copy of this or any ASTM standard, head to the Document Center Inc. webstore at www.document-center.com.  Document Center has been an authorized distributor of the ASTM standards since the 1980’s.  We have many other standards from other organizations as well.  Here is a direct link to the order page for ASTM C1036 for your convenience.

ASTM standards are available from Document Center Inc. in paper format, for pdf download, and as part of our cloud-based subscription service Standards Online.  For more information about our many compliance documentation support services (including Standards Online), just get in touch with our staff.  You can reach us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com).  Find out why so many people make us their Standards Experts!