What’s happened to IPC Kits?

IPC, the Association connecting Electronic Industries, has discontinued the sale of “kits.”  These IPC Kits were a combination of a paper copy and CD Rom copy of any given standard.  As part of IPC’s move to stop distributing the IPC standards on CD Rom, the kits have been the first to go.

Moving forward, you’ll be able to get your IPC Standards from Document Center Inc. in both paper format and for pdf download.  Site licensing is also available.

One thing to remember with the electronic copies of IPC standard is the suppression of the print functionality.  IPC pdf copies are “read-only” and cannot be printed.   Should you need a printed copy of any IPC standard, you’ll need to purchase it.

This supports a tenet of copyright law that standards users sometimes don’t understand.  The format of the publication you purchase is the only format that is available to you.  It is illegal to  take a copyright document in one format and transform it into another.  So if you purchase a paper copy and plan to scan it into your network system, you’re actually breaking the law.  However, for most of the single user pdf standards sold by Document Center Inc., your license will authorize both the use of the file by 1 user on 1 computer and the right to print 1 paper copy.  IPC is one of the few associations that we represent which does not permit the printing of a paper copy from the pdf file.

Here at Document Center Inc., we have noticed that many organizations are moving away from CD Rom distribution.  The format is problematic for copyright owners — illegal distribution can become an issue.  So it is not surprising that IPC is moving away from the practice.  Indeed it was one of the last associations to rely heavily on this media.

If you need any IPC standards, please search for and order them at our webstore, www.document-center.com.  We are an authorized distributor and can assist you with any questions you may have.  Document Center Inc. has been selling standards since 1982 and has been on the web since 1993.  Make us your Standards Experts.

Standardization – The Profession

One important aspect of Standardization is the administrative task of writing and editing the standards themselves.  For many of you out there interested in writing, the profession of standardization and technical writing may not be top of mind.  But it is a valid career path and one that I suggest to many folks who have gotten their college degrees in both technical and non-technical fields.

First of all, there are two kinds of people involved in the development of standards — technical experts and editorial staff.  Usually technical experts are volunteers who provide their time thanks to the support of their employers.  These folks provide the technical wherewithal for developing standards on topics where their expertese is of benefit to industry in general, as well as to their companies.

Then there are the editors, an administrative function to provide the “caretaking” support for a defined set of standards.  Folks in this role normally do not start out as technical experts, but usually have a combination of curiosity and literacy.  Over time they learn to refine the language and flow of the work of the technical experts without affecting the technical content.  They may need to help a committee meet format requirements.  Or they may support the migration to xml or other data formats for the organization’s publication system.

Where can you find out more about being a technical writer?  Since standardization is a sub-set of technical writing in general, a good place to start is the Society for Technical Communication.  This organization has been active since 1953 and has a wide variety of classes, chapters, and other support activities for the profession.  Once you’re comfortable with the role, you can then look for Standards Developing Organizations in your area.  Many are on the look-out for fresh talent who can support their missions.

How about understanding standards themselves and how to organize them?  The SES Society for Standards Professionals is the group for you!  First of all, this is an association dedicated to the promotion of professionalism in the area of standardization.  So you’ll get a chance to get involved and learn about the issues that face this community.  Secondly, the Society is responsible for 3 publications (Standards) on standardization.  So if you have questions about how to write standards, these are essential.

There are also many DoD documents on authoring other types of technical publications, including technical manuals, bulletins, and so on.  These publications show how the field is expanding away from a strict focus on language.  These days a more generalized view of data and computer tools like xml is necessary in order to disseminate information in our networked world.

If you’re looking for a career that involves communication, learning, and a window on our rapidly changing world, the profession of standardization offers an exciting challenge.  At SES, we’ve noticed an increasing number of young people entering the field, as well as participation by those nearing the end of their working careers.  Standards help improve our world and it’s made possible by the work of our standardization professionals!  Will you join us?

AMS 5643

AMS 5643, “Steel, Corrosion-Resistant, Bars, Wire, Forgings, Mechanical Tubing, and Rings 16Cr – 4.0Ni – 0.30Cb Nb) – 4.0Cu Solution Heat Treated, Precipitation Hardenable,” has just been released.  This popular Aerospace Material Specification is used for corrosion-resistant steel.  The material is provided in the form of bars, wire, forgings, mechanical tubing, and flash welded rings up to 8 inches in diameter.  Stock of any size for forgings, flash welded rings or headings is also included.

There are a number of “slash sheets” to be used with this standard.  They address the various conditions for precipitation hardening for your material.  They are the AMS 5643/H1025, the AMS 5643/H1100 and the AMS 5643/H1150.

The AMS 5643 itself follows the usual structure of such material specifications.  It starts with the scope and referenced documents sections.  Section 3 covers the technical requirements, Section 4 is on quality assurance, and Section 5 reviews delivery preparation.  There are short sections on acknowledgement, rejections, and notes to complete the publication.

What’s new in the Revision U update?  The committee has provided you with information both at the beginning of the document and by the use of black lines in the margins.  You’ll notice that the title has changed, as well as paragraphs, 3.7, 4.4, 4, and 4.7.  The committee (AMS F) notes that these changes result from a limited scope ballot, in line with the protocols required by SAE for good standardization management.

If you use this document, and many of our customers do, you’ll need a copy of the new revision.  Just go to our Document Center Inc. webstore at www.document-center.com and order the standards you need.  Here is a direct link to the order page for AMS 5643 for your convenience.  For more assistance, check in with our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com).

All SAE publications are available in both paper format and for pdf download.  They come with our “best in class” notification service, so that any time your standard is updated you’ll get an email to let you know.  Standards users over a wide range of industries trust Document Center Inc. to provide them not only with standards, but with management services to support their compliance requirements.  Join them and make us your Standards Experts!

ISO 6385 Updated

ISO 6385, “Ergonomics principles in the design of work systems,” has been updated.  The new 3rd Edition is available now from Document Center Inc.  You can purchase your copy in paper format or for pdf download.  The standard replaces the 2nd Edition from 2004, which is now obsolete.  It provides you with a basic ergonomic framework to be used by professionals and others who are concerned about or affected by ergonomics in the workplace.  It can also be used by those who are designing workplace products and systems.

What is this framework?  The standard gives you a basic guideline to use in the design of work systems.  It includes an integrated approach to this design.  It encourages the user to address human, social and technical requirements in a balanced manner.  It can be useful not only to professionals (including managers), but also to workers or their representatives.  And of course, engineers and other human factors specialists will appreciate the workplace focus of this standard.

You can use the ISO 6385 with ISO 26800, “Ergonomics – General approach, principles and concepts.”  It extends those ideas into the workplace setting.  You can also use ISO 6385 with standards like the OHSAS 18001, “Occupational health and safety management systems – Specification.”  And ISO 6385 extends the guidelines by offering a way to achieve good human performance.

How has the 3rd Edition changed from the 2nd Edition?  Technical changes include:

  • Updating the terms and definitions to harmonize with those of ISO 26000
  • Revisions to 3.2, 3.7 and Clause 4
  • Addition of life cycle concepts to a work system in 3.2
  • 3.7 update to add the principle of adjustment and “verification” instead of “validation”
  • Addition of a subclause on conformity in Clause 4
  • Examples have been added to a number of clauses

If you need a copy of this new update, head to the Document Center Inc. webstore at www.document-center.com.  Here is a direct link to the order page for ISO 6385 for your convenience.  Of course, many of our customers are interested in enterprise wide access.  Just get in touch with our staff for more information about Standards Online, our cloud based subscription service.  You can reach us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com).  We’ve been working with standards since 1982.  Make us your Standards Experts!

New ANSI/ASA S12.70 – Patient Speech Privacy

ANSI/ASA S12.70 has just been released.  The title of the document is “American National Standard Criteria for Evaluating Speech Privacy in Healthcare Facilities.”  It addresses the important issue of patient privacy.  Not only is this a social issue, it is also a regulatory requirement.  Both HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996) and HITECH (Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act, 2009) require caregiver-patient confidentiality.  Now you have a standard to help you meet this important need.

Before now, most speech privacy standards have focused on work spaces and environments.  Healthcare is different, since there are many parts of these types of facilities that are open for patient monitoring and safety.  I spent a week in an ICU up in Reno this month watching over my sister, who had 4 major surgeries in 6 days (she’s recovering quite nicely, thank you!).  I can tell you that there are a lot of reasons to have an “open” floor plan — to move beds and equipment in and out of the patient spaces quickly is one.

However, I also noticed how very careful the hospital staff was regarding the information about my sister.  Phone calls were screened and either she or the family was asked for authorization to give any information at all.  Specific data concerning her health was reserved and only the doctors spoke with us about it.  None-the-less, good staff protocol will only go so far.  Other factors do come into play, some of which have to do with the design of spaces where “confidential” speech will take place.  This is to avoid the release of such information to the unintended listener.

The ANSI/ASA S12.70 addresses three components of speech privacy.  These are speech level, sound isolation between architectural spaces, and background sound levels at the location of any possible unintended listener.  You’ll find two indexes to help you determine speech privacy, the articulation index (AI) and the privacy index (PI).

Where should you use the ANSI/ASA S12.70 in setting your design criteria?  You can use it to achieve acceptable speech privacy in treatment rooms, offices, pharmacies, reception and waiting areas, and so on.  In addition, there are Annexes in this document that will help you understand how speech privacy can be achieved in differences of architectural spaces and circumstances.  Indeed, it will help you objectively evaluate privacy to verify conformance with the criteria provided.

There are any number of standards being used these days in healthcare facilities, notably those developed by AAMI (the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation).  The extension of this work into the standardization area provided by ASA (the Acoustical Society of America) is timely and appropriate.  Providing those tasked with meeting regulatory requirements with measureable criterial for compliance is essential.  We encourage all healthcare organizations and the architectural firms that support them to get and use this new standard.

Order your copy from Document Center Inc., an authorized distributor of ANSI and ASA standards.  Search for and order the publications you need at our webstore, www.document-center.com.  Here is a direct link to the order page for ANSI/ASA S12.70.  It is available both in paper format and for pdf download.

Do you have other questions about healthcare standards?  Want to know more about the various services we offer for ongoing compliance with specifications and regulations?  Just contact our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com).  We’ve been working with standards since 1982.  Make Document Center your Standards Experts!

AS 9100 D is here!

AS 9100, “Quality Management Systems – Requirements for Aviation, Space and Defense Organizations,” has been updated!  The new Revision D is available from Document Center in both paper format and for pdf download.  This is one of three highly anticipated new Quality Standards for the Aerospace Industry.  If this is your field of interest, you’ll want to get your new copy right away.

Of course, the new AS 9100 has been issued to bring the QMS (Quality Management System) requirements for the aerospace industry in line with the requirements of the newly issued ISO 9001:2015.  Apparently one issue that you will have is the transition to the new Revision D should be made in conjunction with the transition to the ISO 9001:2015.  So there will be less time for you to comply with the AS update.  Your “drop dead” date for registration will be September 14, 2018.  Those in the know suggest that your process be complete by mid-June to avoid any issues.

Also, if you are certified to both documents, you’ll want to be careful about the order in which you handle your audits, etc.  You may need to have your registrations for both editions of the ISO 9001 active during the period that you complete the requirements for AS 9100D.  Once you’ve made the upgrade to both, you can let the earlier certificates lapse.  What if you don’t complete your process in time?  Your certificate will expire and you will no longer be able to reference it in your contractual obligations.

There are a lot of training programs in the works for this new AS 9100.  Both auditors and users will need to familiarize themselves with all the nuances of the update.  We suggest that you get your copy of the new Revision D as soon as possible, review, and then chart your course.  You can purchase it online at www.document-center.com in either paper format or for pdf download.  Here is a direct link to the order page for AS 9100 for your convenience.

There is a lot of activity going on right now in the aviation space.  New updates for both the AS 9110 and the AS 9120 are expected to also be released soon.  Document Center’s notification service will keep our customers on top of any changes.  Do consider using our “best in class” updating for your critical compliance documentation.  Our staff can assist you with this and any other standards-related issues you may have.  Contact us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com).  Remember, we’re your Standards Experts!

ISO 17851 – Space Systems

ISO 17851, “Space systems – Space environment simulation for material tests – General principles and criteria,” has just been released.  It’s one of many new aerospace standards released by the ISO TC 20, the ISO committee for aircraft and space standards.  It’s available now from Document Center Inc. in a variety of formats.

The ISO TC20 and it’s many subcommittees have been busy of late.  Reasons for this are the consolidation of many parts of the industry due to the high cost of space exploration.  Commercialization in the near-earth space is a factor.  New spacecraft design work and the use of new materials like nanomaterials plays a role.  And relatively new players like China are pushing for the development of these standards as well.

ISO 17851 provides you with a methodology for forecasting material durability.  This is a highly complex task, using ground tests and mathematical modelling.  You’ll have to choose the set of space environment components that matches the space region your material will be in.  You’ll need to select the physical and chemical process that will cause that material to degrade.  You’ll need to prepare for space environment impact.  And you’ll need to correctly forecast the spacecraft lifetime for various space regions that your material will be exposed to.

Why use a standard like ISO 17851?  This standard is a general description of the components that make up the environments that affect space crafts.  It describes the methodology to use in selecting these components and their characteristics during testing.  And it shows you how to determine the general principles and criteria for tests.

The document will show you the role of existing space material standard tests.  You’ll get a better understanding of how existing standards can work together.  And you will have a way to determine if you need specific test types that are not standardized yet.

When should you be using ISO 17851?  It’s intended to be a reference document used during spacecraft design, when forecasting spacecraft lifetime, when conducting ground-based tests, and for analyzing changes in material properties during operation.

If you need this new standard, order it at the Document Center Inc. webstore, www.document-center.com.  Here is a direct link to the ISO 17851 order page for your convenience.  It’s available to order online in paper format or for pdf download.  If you’d rather get enterprise access for this and other ISO standards, reach out to our staff for more information.  We can be reached by phone (650-591-7600) and email (info@document-center.com).  We’ve been working with standards and the aerospace industry since 1982.  Make us your Standards Experts!

ISO 18457 – Biomimetics

ISO 18457, “Biomimetics – Biomimetic materials, structures and components,” has just been released.  This new 44-page standard introduces you to the technology known as biomimetics.  This is the mimicry of biological materials, structures and components.  It is a technological principle that allows for new possibilities in design and manufacturing.

What is an example of a product that uses biomimetics?  Velcro is a commonly referenced biomimetic material.  It’s little hooks are like those found on burs.  Mirasol, a display technology commercialized by Qualcomm is another example.  It uses reflective qualities found in the Morpho butterfly wings to provide distinct colors for specific pixels (interferometric modulation).  There are many product development projects currently underway making use of biological principles in new ways.

What does ISO 18457 cover?  The standard specifies the principles of biological systems that provide the rationale for biomimetic approaches.  It specifies a methodology for the analysis of biological systems to foster a biomimetic approach.  It offers examples of the transfer process from biology to technology.  Use of these examples of biomimetic materials, structures, surfaces, components and manufacturing technologies can provide relevance for industry.

Some areas covered include biological materials themselves, their characteristics and performances.  You’ll also get a review of the methodology of biomimetic material and component development.  And section 7 is devoted to the reasons and situations where using biomimetic material, structures and components for commercial purposes should be considered.  Annex A provides you with examples of biomimetic materials, structures and components.  Annex B is on the analytical methods used.  A 36-item bibliography completes the document.

The ISO committee TC266 suggests that the standard is not only for those already involved in biomimetics, but also as a guide for learning about and investigating the topic.  So if you develop, design, process or use biomimetic materials (or are interested in the same), you’ll want to get a copy.  You’ll use an authorized ISO distributor like Document Center Inc. for your purchase.  Just go to our webstore at www.document-center.com to place your order.  Here’s a direct link to the order page for ISO 18457 for your convenience.

As a distributor, Document Center Inc. can offer you ISO standards in paper format, for pdf download, and as part of our Standards Online subscription service.  For more information, just get in touch with our staff by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com).  We’ve been working with standards since 1982 so make us your Standards Experts!


New ISO 14644-14 – Cleanrooms

ISO 14644-14, “Cleanrooms and associated controlled environments — Part 14: Assessment of suitability for use of equipment by airborne particle concentration,” has just been issued.  This new cleanroom standard helps you determine if a particular piece of equipment is suitable for use in your cleanroom environment.  It’s a methodology for defining the level of particle contamination that is acceptable in a cleanroom.  Then the equipment is tested to see if the particulate emissions from the equipment falls within the required range.

What industries use cleanrooms and the ISO 14644 series of standards?  You’ll find contamination control to be essential in aerospace, microelectronics, optics, nuclear and life sciences (like pharmaceuticals, medical devices, food and healthcare).

What kind of equipment does the ISO 14644-14 address?  It covers equipment like machinery, measuring equipment, process equipment, components and tools.  And it covers particle size ranges from 0.1 μm to equal to or larger than 5 μm.  These are the sizes from ISO 14644-1.

Are some items not covered by the new ISO 14644-14?  Yes, here is a list from the standard itself:

  • biocontamination assessment
  • decontamination agents and techniques
  • cleanability of equipment and materials
  • equipment design and material selection
  • other physical properties of materials (like electrostatic or themal properties)
  • equipment optimization
  • statistical methods for your testing
  • local safety regulations

If you are operating cleanroom environments and want a  protocol for the inclusion of equipment in your controlled environments, this is the standard for you.  You can purchase a copy in either paper format or for pdf download from Document Center Inc. at www.document-center.com.  We are an authorized distributor of the ISO standards, so you can purchase from us with confidence.  Here is a direct link to the order page for ISO 14644-14 for your convenience.

Do you have additional standards requirements or questions?  Just get in touch with our staff.  We’ve been working with standards since 1982 and have the knowledge to assist you with many of your questions.  And we have a wide range of products and services all designed to maximize your compliance investments.  You can reach us by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com).  Remember — We’re your Standards Experts!

IPC 6018 C Released

IPC 6018, “Qualification and Performance Specification for High Frequency (Microwave) Printed Boards,” has been updated.  The new Revision C is available from Document Center Inc. in a variety of formats.  It covers single-sided, double-sided, with or without plated-through holes, multilayer with or without blind/buried vias and metal core boards.

This specification gives you the electrical, mechanical and environmental requirements for these boards.  You’ll get information on final finish and surface plating coating requirements, conductors, holes/vias, frequency of acceptance testing and quality conformance.  It is intended to be used with IPC 6011 and replaces the IPC 6016, which is obsolete.

There are a number of updates in this new Revision C.  These include the information on HASL coatings, alternative surface finishes, edge plating, and marking.  Other areas where changes have been made to the IPC 6018 are for microvia capture and target lands, copper cap plating of filled holes, copper filled microvias, PTFE smear and dielectric removal.

There has also been the release of a new supplement for the IPC 6018.  This is the IPC 6018CS.  The title is “Space and Military Avionics Applications Addendum to IPC-6018C Qualification and Performance Specification for High Frequency (Microwave) Printed Boards.”  As you can see, this is specifically for the increased requirements for space and military avionics applications.  It provides guidance for meeting the increased vibration, ground testing and thermal cyclic environments these applications mandate.

If you need a copy of either of these new IPC publications, you have a number of choices.  The documents are available in paper format, for pdf download, CD Rom format, and for site licensing.  Search for and order them at our Document Center webstore, www.document-center.com.  Here are direct links to the order pages for some of your choices:  IPC 6018 paper format, IPC 6018 PDF format, IPC 6018CS paper format and IPC 6018CS PDF format.

If you have additional questions, just get in touch with our Document Center staff.  You can reach them by phone (650-591-7600) or email (info@document-center.com).  We have been working with standards since 1982 and we’re an authorized IPC distributor.  Make us your Standards Experts!