ASTM E10, “Standard Test Method for Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials,” has just been updated. If you use this standard, you’ll want to get your copy of the new 2014 Edition from Document Center Inc. It’s available in paper format, for pdf download, and as part of our Standards Online subscription service for multi-user access. The new update replaces the 2012 Edition, which is now obsolete.
Quite simply, the Brinell hardness test is an indentation test. It provides you with a scale to use to measure the penetration of an indenter when it is “loaded” on a test specimen of a specific metallic material test piece.
The standard itself is a 32 page review of how to determine that Brinell hardness number for any metallic material. It includes the requirements for a Brinell testing machine and the procedures you’ll use when performing Brinell tests. There are also Annexes that cover verification of your Brinell testing machine, Brinell hardness standardizing machines, the Brinell hardness indenters and Brinell hardness test blocks.
The ASTM E10 is frequently referenced and widely used. And it is co-numbered AASHTO T70. Your committee in charge of the E10, ASTM Committee E28, brings the following update to your attention: Changes to section 9.1.1. So you’ll be able to review the changes from the last edition fairly easily.
You could also use the ISO 6506-1, ISO 6506-2, ISO 6506-3, and ISO 6506-4 (or the European adoptions of the same) for the Brinell test as well. However, the convenience of the ASTM standard (all information in 1 document, plus a reasonable price tag) makes it more frequently referenced here in the U.S.
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